SevenTorrents Proxy Mirror and Alternatives Seven Torrents

SevenTorrents is among the best and credible networks for sharing torrents. You can use it to download movies safely from other torrent sites. Most of the torrent networks are not safe due to suspicious malware that comes from sharing movies. SevenTorrents proxy sites, on the other hand, help users to check torrent files to ensure that they are all safe before you download them.

This is done by its staff that looks for great and safe movies. Apart from giving users safe ways to download movies, 7Torrents is also easy to use. It shows users vital details about movies such as star cast, genre, plot, and more. You will see this on their landing page so that you can access the latest movies fast. A search-box is there for users to search for the best movies.

Many torrent lovers like 7Torrents because it is one of the most secure torrent sites for watching free movies. The site offers a massive range of movies for all kinds of movie lovers. Its menu is found on the left side of the screen, and you can even get movie files at smaller file sizes. The site is not found in many areas because it was banned for not following copyright rules.

7Torents serves paid movies and other paid content freely, and this is expected of such sites. Accessing this site is not easy; that is why you need ways to unblock it.

In this article, we are going to give you over 30 best SevenTorrents proxy and mirror sites that actually work.

If you want to use these SevenTorrents proxy and mirror sites, you need to ensure that the country that you live in has not yet blocked it. If you are finding it hard to access this site, the proxy sites will make it easier for you to do so. Site download speed won’t be affected when you use these mirror sites. These are clones of SevenTorrents but on other domains. Proxy and mirror sites are alternatives to 7Torrents, and they allow users to access data when they can get to the torrent site on the main domain.

The site has staff and volunteers who help to run these SevenTorrents proxy and mirror sites. They do these because they want all torrent lovers to access movies on this site even when they are blocked from the main domain.

SevenTorrents Proxy Sites

You don’t need to worry about old content when using these SevenTorrents proxy and mirror sites. The staff and volunteers who help to maintain the site ensure that all the files are constantly updated. You are always assured of the latest quality content when you use these SevenTorrents proxy sites.

Top 20 SevenTorrents Proxy Sites Alternatives

Patting Shots

You don’t need to struggle to access the best movies when you have these SevenTorrents Proxy and mirror sites. They make it quite easy for anyone to access the latest movies on SevenTorrents even when they can’t access the torrent site. I hope that this list of SevenTorrent proxy sites will help you unblock SevenTorrents and find and download movies easily on the 7Torrents website.

Four Best Places to Study Computer Science

Computer Science has always been an in-demand discipline. Many students aspire to study CS to improve their programming skills and commit to technology development. They challenge their knowledge, complete various courses, and practice skills to have ample experience upon graduation. 

Nowadays, numerous educational institutions offer CS courses for students. The most reputable universities have a lot to offer when it comes to core subjects and electives. Let’s look at the best places to study Computer Science in a broader scope.

Criteria for Selecting the Best Institutions

Although a bounty of universities offers CS programs, not every institution provides students with practical knowledge. Computer Science is a rapidly changing field, so it is critical to update curricula annually. Besides, many other factors are pivotal in evaluating the quality of the university’s course. Among them are:

  • A number of undergraduate degrees awarded: Such a number should be relatively low, e.g., less than 2,000. 
  • A number of doctorate degrees awarded: Year by year, it is harder to get a doctoral degree, especially in CS, which is why such a number has to be insignificant.
  • Student to teacher ratio: The fewer students the teacher covers, the better. This way, learners can acquire more skills and google “do my computer science assignment” more rarely. 
  • A number of new students: Students often try to enroll in the course that suits their interests and financial capabilities, which is an excellent indicator when evaluating a college.

Stanford University

Many rankings place Stanford University as the best school to study CS, and it is for a reason. Stanford was founded in 1885; it is located in California’s Bay Area. The University has seven schools that offer graduate and undergraduate studies. The Computer Science department offers both a major in CS and a minor in CS. The University has an individual approach to every student, allowing them to concentrate on their areas of most interest. 

Apart from the CS degree, Stanford University offers interdisciplinary degrees with the elements of Computer Science. Stanford CS students can choose one of the following CS degree tracks:

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Biocomputation
  • Computer Engineering
  • Graphics
  • Theory
  • Systems
  • Human-Computer Interaction

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MIT was founded in 1861, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Boston. Massachusetts Institute of Technology has five schools. The University offers a wide array of available courses in Computer Science. MIT divides its subjects into 

  • Basic 
  • Undergraduate Laboratory
  • Senior
  • Advanced Undergraduate

The institution offers undergraduate and graduate studies. For MIT undergraduates, the Department provides seven programs leading to the Bachelor of Science. In turn, Master’s students can choose one among five available routes. 

Carnegie Mellon University

Although Carnegie Mellon University is ranked 94 in Global Ranking, it has one of the most potent Computer Science programs. CMU pays close attention to applicants and freshman students, requiring them to complete a batch of preliminary courses, such as:

  • Principles of Imperative Computation
  • Principles of Functioning Programming
  • Mathematical Foundations for Computer Science
  • Parallel and Sequential Data Structures and Algorithms
  • Introduction to Computer Systems
  • Algorithm Design and Analysis

Only after their completion can students choose elective courses related to:

  • Logics and Language 
  • Software Systems 
  • Artificial Intelligence 
  • Domains 
  • Computer Science 
  • Mathematics and Probability
  • Science and Engineering

Aside from these subjects, students can select additional non-lab courses like Thermodynamics, Geology, Fluid Mechanics, Stars, Galaxies and the Universe, etc.

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETH Zurich)

ETH Zurich is a well-known and reputable academic institution. It provides high-quality education in a dozen subjects, including Computer Science. The CS has a terrific and well-grounded teaching staff, which puts ETH Zurich on top of the best places to study CS. 

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology teaches a fundamental knowledge of mathematics, electrical engineering, and, above all, computer science. In addition to core subjects–software engineering, theory, and data processing–students can pick many other courses pertinent to their area of interest. 

ETH Zurich takes every student earnestly and provides a list of essential subjects from the first year. For example, students are expected to establish a sound basis in math, programming, and algorithms. Every student has to attend classes in:

  • Introduction to programming
  • Data structures and algorithms
  • Linear algebra
  • Discrete math
  • Parallel programming
  • Analysis

During the second year, students are expected to brush up on their methodological background, which is why they have to complete the following subjects:

  • Theoretical computer science
  • Minor and Science in perspective
  • Probability and statistics
  • Computer networks
  • Data modeling and databases
  • Formal methods and functional programming

Notably, the second and third year is taught in English, whereas the first is conducted in German.

At the beginning of the third year, students are obliged to choose their specialization: systems and software engineering, theoretical computer science, or information and data processing. 

Bottom Line

The list of outstanding academic institutions that offer Computer Science can go on and on. The mentioned universities are a drop in the ocean. However, this list sheds light on programs along with universities that engage students and help them enrich their knowledge in Computer Science.

How to Translate more 5,000 characters limit by Google

Google has added a 5000 character limit to Google translate, which is very surprising. The popular service now lets users translate texts of only 5000 characters in one go, and the rest in multiple tries.

A small counter is now visible at the bottom right corner of the text box, which now counts and reveals the number of characters as you type them. It shows that the maximum number of characters now allowed in the service is just 5000. The box of translation limit in Google search has also been set as 2,800 characters. It remains unclear why Google has set the new limits.

Google translate has recently completed 10 years of its release. Last month the internet giant had announced that the service will be getting Neural Machine technique (ML/AI) which will make it even more powerful. The service currently supports eight languages including German, Spanish, English, French, Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Turkish.

How To Fix Text exceeds 3900 character limit?

The new limits will make it very tedious for people who wish to translate longer documents via Google translate. The above limitation has not been set for web pages that will have a bigger number of characters. However, Google Translate’s API has the same limits of 3900 characters.

Google may have its own reasons for limiting text translations, but the whole process of translating documents has become very difficult for users.

How to get past 5000 Character Limit with Chrome Extension

Step #1 – Add Chrome Extension

Step #2 – On Chrome Extension and Setup:

Step #3 – Open your text with Chrome Explorer and use Google Translate Extension:

You can translate web pages or local files without 5000 Limit.

You can open:

  • pdf
  • csv
  • txt

Large text translation

Google has developed a large text translation technology for the million+ words in their database.

The Google Translate team is constantly improving the quality of its translations by using machine learning. The system is built on an artificial neural network that takes into account the whole sentence to find the best translation, instead of just considering isolated words.

How e-learning is changing the Education System

Getting an education has never been easier than nowadays. The possibility to access any information online opens up new learning opportunities.

Today, we have instant access to tons of educational information: online courses, books, lectures, podcasts, etc. It seems like it was only yesterday that we were unable to study at schools and universities without our physical presence. But the global pandemic made certain adjustments. Overnight, every educational institution around the world decided to either temporarily close or work online. 

E-learning has become popular very quickly. Even the biggest library mankind has ever seen is now available at our fingertips. We can look up any information about anything at any time. It’s no surprise that e-learning apps have skyrocketed in popularity as they offer convenience and flexibility in attaining diverse skills.

Moreover, those wishing to enter the smart education market got the opportunity to do so in an effortless manner thanks to service companies like Diversido. They create exactly the type of web or mobile application that users would love. This might be a competitive edge that any e-learning business needs in order not to just survive but thrive. 

The future of education: Online vs Traditional

The global pandemic affected the world drastically. Now, having an opportunity to travel, attending concerts or festivals, or meeting with friends sounds like a blessing. Educational institutions were forced to adjust to the new reality just like any other business or individual. 

Although solutions for online education had existed for a while, institutions still preferred the traditional class-attendance system. But in 2020, things changed. Even after the pandemic, the trend for e-learning is expected to persist.

Students can now attend lectures at their favorite universities without bearing the travel and campus costs. In response to the pandemic, most universities began to offer free online courses. Among them are top-tier institutions such as Harvard, University of California, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Yale, and Princeton. This gives people access to resources from the most prestigious learning centers in the world. 

The most popular e-learning platforms are Coursera and Edx. Both platforms offer plenty of courses on different subjects. Some of them require some payment or you can have access to most of the courses’ materials for free, but with some limitations. For instance, certificates, quizzes, and feedback are usually not available if a course is free. Both Coursera and Edx offer Financial Aid if it’s needed.

Coursera offers up to 4000 courses from up to 200 top-tier institutions that are divided into eleven categories, such as Business, Languages, Computer Science, etc.

EdX, in its turn, offers up to 3000 courses from up to 140 elite institutions that are divided into 31 categories. If you’re interested in not only completing a specific course but having a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree, it is also possible, but quite expensive. 

Researches indicate that online education is more convenient and more effective. According to Entrepreneur, students retain information 25%-60% better when studying online. They are also able to complete their tasks 40%-60% faster. For the most part, it happens because students can learn at their own pace. They focus on their individual strengths and weaknesses, which allows them to be more efficient while studying the material. Earlier, it took time to get to the classroom or a study group. Now, the classroom is just a click away. 

Why online learning is efficient  

Expanding on the points mentioned above, let’s consider five key benefits of online education. 


Online education allows students and teachers to interact and communicate at their own leisure. It means that participants access study materials on their own schedule. This can be beneficial for students that are trying to find a balance between working and studying. Now, there’s no need to skip classes because of the job schedule. 

Accessibility and diversity

Today, most universities offer online versions of their programs. This even applies to Ivy League schools that were once considered too exclusive. A student is no longer limited by geographical location, tuition fees, or any other factors. Now, a student is only limited by their desire to obtain the information they need to accomplish their educational goals. This means that students can study any topic at any time and cooperate with the world’s best professors. And this is from the comfort of their homes. Therefore, the popularity of online education continues to grow at an ever-increasing pace. 

Customized learning experience

Gen Z loves customization. So, it was only a matter of time that they would customize their learning experience as well. Customization may result in smaller class sizes, better student-professor interactions, and thus, more feedback. Also, it allows students to maximize their strengths and work out self-development strategies to overcome weaknesses. 

Money savings

Last but not least, it’s a lot taking online classes is a lot cheaper. Physical presence in the class requires you to live nearby. Getting to the university by public transport may be both time-consuming and expensive. Meanwhile, relocating to the city or country where your university locates involves even more significant spendings. If you live far away, you may have to move to campus, and that’s an expense. You also have to pay tuition, which is too much for some people. The list can go on. But you probably get the gist of it. Taking free classes online saves you not only money but also the most precious resource — your time. So, don’t miss out on the opportunity to obtain world-class education for a few bucks. 


Long story short, online education has already proved that it is a more efficient and practical option when compared to the traditional approach. The lockdown of 2020 highlighted this and now, there’s no coming back. Online education is cheaper, more efficient, and it gives students access to some of the best universities in the world. It allows even those with a busy work schedule to find time for study. It has revolutionized the way people see and interact with academia. For many, obtaining higher education has now become a reality.

Web Scraping with Java Online Courses in 2021

Web scraping is an incredibly useful tool for people looking to build their website or data collectors mining metadata from other websites. It’s an essential skill for online marketers and is often highly valued by employers.

If you’ve been interested in becoming a website scraper but don’t know where to start, then you’re in the right place. In this article, you will find the best resources available to start web scraping in Javascript, using the various tools the programming language provides its users. Your journey to learning web scraping in Java begins here.

What is Web Scraping?

Web scraping is a coding method for extracting useful data from websites. You can scrape the metadata from images, text, headings, and almost every other aspect of a website to obtain information that isn’t readily available. 

Price changes, location data, and general website changes are all accessible pieces of information through web scraping.

While web scraping is reasonably simple, you have to have some programming knowledge to do it effectively. Knowing how to interact with websites using Javascript is half the battle. Once you have a good understanding of Javascript, web scraping becomes a relatively easy task. 

You can probably learn the basics in an hour or less if you have a bit of technical knowledge to start with.

Web Scraping: Best Language to Use

Most online courses on web scraping teach how to do it through Python, a popular programming language. Python is a multifunctional and relatively simple programming language that many programmers use daily. However, it might not be the best programming language to use for web scraping.

Javascript has multiple tools you can use for web scraping, and it’s more adaptable than Python to the various programming languages used to build websites. As such, Java may be the best programming language to use for web scraping. However, it all depends on your preference.

Best Online Courses for Web Scraping with Java

These are the best academic courses to become a web scraper available online today. 

Packt – Learning Web Scraping with Javascript

“Learning Web Scraping with Javascript” is an hour-long online video course from the online learning platform Packt. Packt’s course teaches users how to perform web scraping through Javascript and Node.js.

In the early parts of the video, you’ll learn the basics of web scraping, including why people do it, how you can do it, and how to examine the information you get from scraping static web pages. Later on, you get hands-on experience constructing usable scripts in Java and Node.js, using popular websites like Airbnb, Craigslist, and more as example templates. 

Mustapha Mekhatria, a tech consultant and professional Javascript programmer, teaches this course. Mustapha has loads of experience in different areas of website development. If you have a subscription to Packt, you can access the course for free. Non-subscribers can purchase the course for $129.99.

Udemy – Professional Web Scraping with Java

Udemy is a top-rated and useful online learning center that has courses on every subject imaginable. Udemy’s course on web scraping, “Professional Web Scraping with Java,” is taught by successful entrepreneur and software developer Patrick Meier. 

The course runs just over one hour long, making it accessible for professionals. The task-oriented class asks users to complete each chapter using their browser’s developer tools to perform web scraping test runs on different websites.

You can pause and return to the course whenever you want once you purchase it, so you can always go back and refresh your memory whenever you’d like.

The “Professional Web Scraping with Java” course costs $74.99. Udemy frequently runs price specials, so be on the lookout for price drops that make this course available for much less.

Best Books for Web Scraping with Java

Here are the best books to learn how to perform a Java web scrape like a professional. 

Hartley Brody – The Ultimate Guide to Web Scraping

“The Ultimate Guide to Web Scraping” is one of those e-books that only comes around every so often. There’s so much to learn from Hartley Brody, a programming professional highly proficient in several coding scripts. 

In this book, the author provides a comprehensive rundown of the best web scraping methods using different programming languages, including Java and Node.js. The guide explains how to perform web scraping ethically. 

Hartley argues why web scraping is a legitimate method for data collection—and shouldn’t be looked down upon by the ethical hacking community.

When you purchase the book, the author gives you access to the content on laptops, Kindles, and iPads, making sure you can read it no matter where you are or what device you use. 

Ryan Mitchell – Instant Web Scraping with Java

At only 72 pages long, “Instant Web Scraping with Java,” by Ryan Mitchell, is a short and comprehensive read on performing web scraping through Javascript, Node.js, and Cheerio. 

With this book, you’ll learn how to set up various bots to scrape websites for metadata automatically and upload it to your preferred data collection resource. Not only that, but it offers a general overview on how to write code in Java, how to check for errors in your code, and how to get around website security so you can execute your scrape quickly and effectively. 

This web scraping resource is one of the cheaper options out there. Along with many other courses and books on Packt, it’s available free with a subscription or for a low fee if you don’t have one.


Using the resources listed in this article, you should be well on your way to becoming a professional website scraper. Every course here provides a similar general overview of web scraping with Java, but you may find that one course does it better than another. 

While they usually cost money, there are often ways to get them free or with a hefty discount. Give the free ones a try to see if you’d like to expand your web scraping education with some of the paid options. 

About Author: Christoph is a code-loving father of two beautiful children. He is a full-stack developer and a committed team member at – a subsidiary of SaaS industries. When he isn’t building software, Christoph can be found spending time with his family or training for his next marathon. (See image att.)

Zenscrape’s Social Media Handles


Naked Meditation: Everything You Need To Know

Ever heard of naked mediation?

It’s certainly an unorthodox practice!

But it also comes with some surprising benefits.

So in this ultimate guide to naked meditation, you’ll learn what it is, what it isn’t, and how to get the most out of meditating in the nude!

Let’s get started…

Table of Contents

What Is Naked Meditation?

Well, it’s pretty basic:

You meditate in the nude.

But why?

When you’re meditating, you’re trying to gain a deeper insight of yourself and who you are.

To be honest, in a practical sense, there isn’t much difference between meditating normally and meditating in the nude – aside from your clothing of course.

But there’s definitely a few things to consider:

You can practice it the right way, or the wrong way – which is why we created this guide to naked meditation.

One of the main benefits of this practice is that if you lack confidence with your body image, naked meditation could help you overcome that.

Now if you struggle with this, we understand – and you don’t need to be ashamed.

In the US, statistics show that 30 million people will struggle with an eating disorder during their lifetime – that’s a shocking statistic.

So if you are body conscious, it’s better to go slow and try this for shorter periods of time until you feel comfortable with yourself.

Connecting The Mind & Body

With meditation, your breath connects you to the world.

So when you practice meditation with no clothes on, you can harness this to connect your mind and body better.

This way, there’s no unnecessary barriers separating you from the world you’re experiencing.

It can deepen your experience of meditation.

Remove Physical Restraints

Physically, naked meditation also allows you to move more freely.

During meditation, people often wear loose, baggy clothing anyway so they’re not restricted.

By practicing in the nude, you may be able to switch positions and even sit for longer periods of time.

Now compare this to wearing tight clothing during a meditation session – you may feel stiff and restricted.

Note: If you feel physically restricted, you may also feel mentally restricted too!

You might be holding things back subconsciously, stiff with doubts, frustrations, and problems. 

So naked meditation may help to liberate you from these problems, helping you find a better flow whilst meditating.

Overcoming Your Inhibitions

When it comes to the thought of naked meditation, do you feel comfortable?

Maybe you’re a bit embarrassed?

Or too shy to even try it?

The truth is, these are all self-doubts.

They’re natural – but they’re still inhibitions.  

And inhibitions start with the mind.

Naked meditation may help you to remove these inhibitions:

Creating a stronger state of mind where you’re no longer dragged down by negative states of embarrassment, shame or discomfort.

Feeling Comfortable In Your Own Skin

This is the beauty of naked meditation:

Is there anything more pure and free than learning how to become comfortable, confident and content in your own skin?

We’re often trying to show off with fancy clothes, the latest brands and over-priced accessories.

On average, most Americans spend more on shoes, jewellery and watches than higher education!

But have you ever considered why that is?

When people wear fancy brands, it’s often about ego.

  • We’re trying to impress our friends.
  • We’re trying to validate our own success and prove to others that we’re high value people.
  • And it’s a way of gaining acceptance from others.

Yet when you meditate naked, you’re stripping that ego away – which is actually something incredibly positive.

What Naked Meditation Is Not

This isn’t some carnal way to sensualize your meditation sessions.

Just like any other form of meditation, you need to approach this with an open mind.

Yes, naked meditation can help you release sensual energy and even boost your labido.

But actually, it’s about cherishing the raw human form:

And that’s something we often neglect.

Another thing to consider:

Whilst most people practice naked meditation alone, if you do try this in a group then don’t stare!

In fact, you may get to a point where you don’t notice bare skin at all.

Note: Naked meditation isn’t a sensual practice:

Instead it’s a way to grow and improve the relationship you have with your body, which can be incredibly rewarding.

Top 7 Reasons Why You Should Try Naked Meditation

So why would anyone try naked meditation?

Well, first you gotta understand that I’m not personally recommending meditation in the nude.

However, it does have some intriguing benefits that you might not have thought about it.

So let’s dive in…

1. Freedom

We’ve all done it!

Walking around nude in the house is actually somewhat enjoyable isn’t it?

But why?

Well, it comes down to freedom:

We have the power to roam free without being dressed up.

2. Body Image

We live in a very body-conscious world.

And sometimes, it seems like the majority of us have issues with our body.

But that’s not surprising when we’re bombarded by unrealistic expectations:

Adverts with models. Instagram pictures. Constant contradictory advice on our diets and how we’re supposed to eat.

We live in a culture where negative body image is a problem.

Now, I’m not saying naked meditation is the answer – but it could be a useful practice.

3. Confidence


Self esteem comes from within. It doesn’t come from material possessions – although we often seek it that way!

When we’re comfortable with ourselves, and how we look, we feel more confident.

There’s nothing worse than worrying about how you look. But when you try naked meditation, you develop a certain confidence in your own skin.

And that’s something that’s always going to have a positive impact on our lives.

4. Enhanced Libido

Obviously, there’s nothing sensual about naked meditation.

This isn’t about that.

However, it may help you release sensual energy – which in turn creates a higher libido. 

The more confident, comfortable and relaxed we feel in our own skin, the better we’re going to feel in the bedroom too.

5. Higher Levels Of Consciousness

A big part of meditation is about being comfortable with yourself and your own company. Because today, we don’t get much time for that.

When you’re meditating normally, you usually become very conscious of how your mind works, as you mindfully watch your thoughts come and go like clouds in the sky

But when you perform naked meditation, you’re more conscious of your physical nature too – helping you become more comfortable and gain a great understanding of your physicality too.

6. Stripping Away The Ego

We came into this world naked, in our purest form.

I think you’d actually be surprised how many people feel uncomfortable – and even less confident – without their clothes….

The social psychology of clothing is fascinating:

When people wear uniforms, they can often ‘act out’ in a completely different way.

For example:

  • A police uniform symbolises power
  • A Louis Vuitton bag demonstrates wealth
  • And rappers often boast about their gold chains as a way of validating their success

But when you practice naked meditation, you’re overcoming a barrier that can separate all of us.

Instead, you’re literally stripped down to your purest form.

And that’s something that distances the ego, helping you find the ‘real you’.

​7. Different Physical Sensations

When you’re no longer wearing clothing, you can experience different sensations on your skin as it becomes more sensitive to new stimuli in the room.

This might include:

  • The breeze of your room’s air conditioning or fan
  • The temperature of the room
  • The raw feeling of the floor/meditation mat on your skin

Just like how people meditate with chocolate or in higher temperatures, this is an interesting and fun way to mix up your meditation sessions.

3 Very Practical Tips For Naked Meditation

So how do you begin meditating in the nude? If you’re new to the game, there’s a lot of factors you probably haven’t thought about before!

Here are some useful tips for your next nude meditation session.

1. Stay Warm

If you’re living in a cold country, naked meditation might mean you run up your gas bill!

But obviously, you’ll want to stay warm during your meditation!

There’s no point being freezing cold and shivering – that would be worse for your session:

So you need to be comfortable.

If you’re living in a cold country, it might be worth putting the heating on and lighting your fire if you’ve got one.

Either way, make sure you’re comfortable with the room’s temperature.

2. Take Your Time

Remember the first time you meditated?

Was your mind busy and your body unable to stay still?

The thing is, naked meditation takes patience.

And you can’t expect mind-blowing results the first time you try it.

However, stick with it, keep going and look for progress.

You’re not going to achieve enlightenment straight away!

But the more you become versed in naked meditation, the more comfortable, calm and enjoyable your sessions will become.

Pro Tip: When it comes to meditation, you should have no expectations. Don’t start expecting a result – instead just be mindful to however you feel.

3. Find Somewhere Private

When you’re practicing naked meditation, find somewhere where you can’t be disturbed.

The last thing you want is the postman looking through the window whilst you’re butt naked.

The other thing, you don’t want to bombarded with anxieties about privacy when you’re trying to focus and concentrate on your session.

So here’s a few tips:

  • Find a room that’s quiet and peaceful
  • Practice meditating away from any public windows – upstairs might be a better option
  • Make sure there’s no-one in the house that’s going to disturb you

Other Forms Of Naked Meditation

Interestingly, other forms of nude mindfulness exist in the world already.

In fact, naked yoga has been around for thousands of years!

And it’s still practiced today.

This nude yoga Instagram page has over 1,300,000 followers!

So it’s something that’s stood the test of time.

Interestingly, naked yoga is often practiced in group sessions!

That’s a big step for most of us, and I think it’d be an interesting way to push beyond our comfort zones.

‘Material hangups’ have been around almost since the dawn of time;

As humans, we’ve developed the need to own material possessions as a survival instinct.

But in today’s world, we can benefit from reducing the intensity of our desires for material possessions, by practicing naked yoga.


Ever heard of a Gymnosophists?

This word literally translates into ‘naked sage’ or ‘naked sophist’.

Gymnosophists were from India originally.

They practiced a life without material possessions.

Interestingly, they openly said that it wouldn’t be worth someone going to war with them – because they had no material possessions left to lose!

In some ways, naked meditation embodies a similar philosophy to Gymnosophists:

Because it’s a practice that removes the material nature of clothes and focuses on your inner meta values instead.

Final Thoughts: Is Naked Meditation Right For You?

Surprisingly, naked meditation comes with a lot of ‘hidden benefits’ (no pun intended) that you might have never thought about.

But it’s important to approach it with an open mind.

You have to look beyond the embarrassing thought of whipping your clothes off and actually look into the deeper significance of it.

Then you should be able to enjoy the benefits of:

  • More freedom and liberation
  • Less reliance on social status for validating your own confidence
  • The power to feel comfortable in your own skin
  • An interesting way to mix up your normal meditation practices by experiencing different stimuli on your skin
  • Removing the physical, social and mental restraints that clothing often creates

Tip: As you practice naked meditation, take your time and be patient with your results.

This won’t come naturally because we’re socially conditioned by our culture to have unrealistic body expectations, worry about our weight and feel ashamed of being naked.

But actually isn’t that an even better reason to try it?

That way you can go beyond the mind’s ego and discover an even more liberating way to meditate that challenges your inner doubts and anxieties, helping you grow as a person.

Hello Python!

1. Start!

Hi, my name is Hugo and I’ll be your host for Introduction to Python for Data Science. I’m a data scientist and educator at DataCamp and host of the DataFramed podcast, which you must check out.

2. How you will learn

In this course, you will learn Python for Data Science through video lessons, like this one, and interactive exercises. You get your own Python session where you can experiment and try to come up with the correct code to solve the instructions. You’re learning by doing, while receiving customized and instant feedback on your work.

3. Python

Python was conceived by Guido Van Rossum. Here, you can see a photo of me with Guido. What started as a hobby project, soon became a general purpose programming language: nowadays, you can use Python to build practically any piece of software. But how did this happen? Well, first of all, Python is open source. It’s free to use. Second, it’s very easy to build packages in Python, which is code that you can share with other people to solve specific problems. Throughout time, more and more of these packages specifically built for data science have been developed. Suppose you want to make some fancy visualizations of your company’s sales. There’s a package for that. Or what about connecting to a database to analyze sensor measurements?

There’s also a package for that. People often refer to Python as the swiss army knife of programming languages as you can do almost anything with it. In this course, we’ll start to build up your data science coding skills bit by bit, so make sure to stick around to see how powerful the language can be.

Currently, there are two common versions of Python, version 2-point-7 and 3-point-5 and later. Apart from some syntactical differences, they are pretty similar, but as support for version 2 will fade over time, our courses focus on Python 3. To install Python 3 on your own system, follow the steps at this URL.

4. IPython Shell

Now that you’re all eyes and ears for Python, let’s start experimenting. I’ll start with the Python shell, a place where you can type Python code and immediately see the results. In DataCamp’s exercise interface, this shell is embedded here. Let’s start off simple and use Python as a calculator.

Let me type 4 + 5, and hit Enter. Python interprets what you typed and prints the result of your calculation, 9. The Python shell that’s used here is actually not the original one; we’re using IPython, short for Interactive Python, which is some kind of juiced up version of regular Python that’ll be useful later on.

IPython was created by Fernando Pérez and is part of the broader Jupyter ecosystem. Apart from interactively working with Python, you can also have Python run so called

7. Python Script

python scripts. These python scripts are simply text files with the extension (dot) py. It’s basically a list of Python commands that are executed, almost as if you where typing the commands in the shell yourself, line by line.

Let’s put the command from before in a script now, which can be found here in DataCamp’s interface. The next step is executing the script, by clicking ‘Submit Answer’. If you execute this script in the DataCamp interface, there’s nothing in the output pane. That’s because you have to explicitly use print inside scripts if you want to generate output during execution.

Let’s wrap our previous calculation in a print call, and rerun the script. This time, the same output as before is generated, great! Putting your code in Python scripts instead of manually retyping every step interactively will help you to keep structure and avoid retyping everything over and over again if you want to make a change; you simply make the change in the script, and rerun the entire thing.

10. DataCamp Interface

Now that you’ve got an idea about different ways of working with Python, I suggest you head over to the exercises. Use the IPython Shell for experimentation, and use the Python script editor to code the actual answer. If you click Submit Answer, your script will be executed and checked for correctness.

11. Let’s practice!

Get coding and don’t forget to have fun!

How to Stop Being a Toxic Person Anymore

Some time ago now, I wrote an article about recognising the toxic people in our lives.

The other side of the coin to this article is the idea that we attract what we put out in the world. That if we act in a toxic way, we draw more toxicity to us.

How valid is that idea?

It’s not one thing or the other.

Yes, if you are behaving in a very toxic manner, you might be sending out a vibe that draws in those on the same wavelength. But that’s not always true.

We all inhabit different spaces: a home, a workplace, a family, a friendship circle… Some of these areas (like our friendships or work) are more open to our choices. Others, though, are not (like our families).

Of course, there are always choices. But it’s not always as simple as “stop being toxic”. The idea that we are responsible for the actions of others isn’t strictly fair.

However, I think it is possible to set a tone in a relationship that suggests you operate a certain way — and others may respond in kind. You might not be a “toxic person” in general. You might just be doing something toxic, without realising it.

You might be someone who wants to fix others, please others, a perfectionist, have low self esteem, issues with jealousy… And not everything comes from a toxic place. There can be so many reasons for attracting the wrong people.

But if it is a toxic habit that you’ve inadvertently picked up, for any reasons, there are ways to undo these. After all, if you know you’re doing what you can, you’ve got a much better shot at recognising bad behaviour in others, too.

1. Know your values

Are you loyal? Do you think white lies are ok? Does reliability matter to you? Would you be hurt if someone spoke ill of you behind your back?

A lot of toxic things we might be doing come from the fact that we’re just not thinking about how they would affect us, were roles reversed. We forget what it is that’s important to us, or sensitive to us.

For instance, I have a real thing about people cancelling on something I’ve organised at the very last minute. I have a bit of a phobia, let’s say, that despite organising an event, nobody will show up. As a result, I do my utmost never to cancel last minute. Obviously, emergencies come up. But I do more these days to just say ‘no’ when the invite comes in, rather than dithering back and forth on whether or not I really want to go. This is, in part, because I know how hurtful it might be if someone got lots of last minute drop outs.

I really value being reliable in general, and I look out for this in other people. I want people who will show up for me. So if I start saying no to all attempts to reach out to me, I know I won’t be living my values out. I have to practice what I preach. I have to be reliable in order to know what reliability looks like.

I’ve written more about how you can figure out your values and live by them here:Are You Living A Life Based on What You Really Value?Overcoming Blocks By Reasserting Your

It’s a process, for sure, and we’re all learning. But starting with your values is a good first bet to ensuring you aren’t inadvertently doing the exact things you fear.

2. Get your listening ears on

I can’t stress active listening enough. If you are someone who struggles to remember what people have said to you, it can be hard to notice this. I’ve known people who asked again and again the exact same questions of me, having forgotten (or perhaps not heard) my answer. But there wasn’t any ill intent, they just… weren’t very good at listening.

So, if someone does point this out to you, with something like, “I actually told you this the other day.” There are a few ways to respond.

You might feel hurt, but if you get angry or defensive, you aren’t really helping to move things forward. Start by owning and apologising. If there’s a good reason, you can potentially state this — something like, “I’m so sorry, you must have told me. I’ve just been really all over the place with things lately. I’ll do better next time.”

Don’t dwell on the “excuse” though. We all have shit going on. If you’re doing everything to come up with an excuse that is iron-clad and perhaps which even makes the other person feel bad for pointing this out, that is getting into toxic behaviour. A simple apology is perfectly fine.

Obviously, if you’re a new parent, or you’ve just lost someone, or there’s some other huge thing going on, you might genuinely not be on your listening game. But hopefully the other person would understand that. The issue is if your inability to listen goes beyond that context, or carries on through a whole relationship…

Cultivate your active listening, using the following steps:

  1. Practice becoming more present and aware in the moment.
  2. Avoid interrupting as much as possible — though if you need to clarify, that’s okay.
  3. Take things slow — you don’t have to talk over or interrupt to show you care. Listening is better.
  4. Ask appropriate follow up questions.
  5. Give good eye contact and other open body language.
  6. Go out with good intentions, aiming to understand and connect in a positive way.

Read more about how to improve listening skills here.

3. Contemplate first, react second

If you’re the sort of person who regularly reacts first, and thinks second, it’s time to reorder things.

After all, if you’re highly reactive (i.e. a lot of things upset you quickly), you are very likely to take this out on people around you. You don’t want them to feel like they’re navigating a minefield to be around you.

Nobody wants that.

It’s toxic to make other people responsible for somehow predicting all your emotional needs. I think this point is a tricky one, and if you’re the kind of person who does answer abruptly to things, I have a few steps in mind that might help:

  1. Practice labelling and being conscious of your thoughts. This might be through meditation, or simply sitting and observing yourself at different points in the day. Literally write things down if it helps. I.e. What am I feeling right now? What am I thinking right now?
  2. Practice pausing and being curious, not drawing immediate conclusions. There’s always the chance that your instinct is wrong — there can be totally different reasons for something than you can imagine.
  3. Take a break, if you can. It might well be better to say, “Let me think about this and come back to you,” than it would be to just continue the conversation. Give yourself the time if you need. The break length might well get shorter with practice.
  4. Consider what your reaction will be — will it help you or them move forward?

There is a great list of ideas in this Forbes article too.

Learning to take things less personally does take time, and comes from a fundamental self confidence that you might need to build. If you know how smart, interesting, or funny you are, you probably aren’t as affected by someone trying to make you feel stupid. If you’re insecure on this point, however, then any little tease might feel like a hard jab.

Start with your self confidence, and learn to…

4. Forget your ego

A toxic person is desperate to maintain a certain image, to the point of getting defensive or perhaps even attacking others about things that just don’t make any sense. Lying can also be a problem here.

No one can maintain a perfect image at all times.

Relationships that are deep come with the acknowledgement of flaws. They include the good, the bad and the ugly. Otherwise, things are just surface.

If you’re so eager to ensure your image is preserved, it can make you a worse listener, unreliable, argumentative, etc. Learning to put aside your ego is important. It negates toxic behaviour that can make itself known in so many strange ways.

Forget your ego, and you’ll find you’re much more relatable for others, and you can probably access your vulnerability much better, and will be more able to…

5. Show vulnerability and accountability

We want to know we’re not the only ones. If you’re in a habit of pretending that all is well, that you’ve never done wrong, of denying others’ feelings, or trying to ‘act superior’, this can get pretty tiring. After all, we want to be around people who are like us — people. And all people are capable of doing stupid stuff. Nobody is perfect.

Showing vulnerability is important if you ever plan to get beyond the small talk with someone. And there’s nothing more toxic than opening up to someone, only to find they use it against you, punish you for it, or never reciprocate.

If you’re not able to be accountable for your own wrongdoing — if you dig in, and have to maintain your image — this is a big potential problem. For one, it’s a sign of narcissism.

For another, it’s really hard to ever have a real relationship to someone who can never ever accept fault. It makes other people uncomfortable, denies their emotions or needs, and leaves them feeling wronged too.

We all screw up relationships sometimes. It happens, nobody is immune. But if you did say something you know doesn’t sit quite right, don’t wait to see if the other person noticed or not. Just say, “Hey, I think what I said didn’t come out quite right…” Then you can tackle it directly, openly and honestly, without wondering if you accidentally hurt someone or not.

And it will encourage the other person, too, to think twice about how they speak to you back. You know, then, that you’re both just doing your best, and if there’s anything that could be ambiguous in future, you can probably assume good intentions first, but a discussion will definitely be possible. The ability to talk through things openly is the key to deep relationships, in my books.

6. Reach out

Don’t wait for your relationships to flounder if they matter to you. If you’re the sort of person who waits for others to do the work, that isn’t good.

Any relationship will require both parties to do some of the ‘work’ in ensuring you get together and actually nurture that relationship. It takes two to tango, as the subtitle goes.

I’ve talked about dealing with someone else who is flakey, but what if you’re that person? If you kind of never show up, or you don’t reach out in the first place, it might be time to ask yourself why that is. Is it that the friendship is no longer valuable? Or is there something else the matter?

Rather than being diffuse about it, address your feelings directly. Don’t put others though having to just keep asking you, hoping one day you’ll be there. Make it clear if you can’t be around for some reason, for some length of time. Make a promise to be in touch when you can be. See that promise through.

After all, if you won’t show up, and if you won’t reach out, you are effectively deciding that that friendship is over. Ask yourself if that is the aim, and if it is, could there be a nicer, less time consuming way to achieve this?

7. Assume positive intent

If you’re assuming negative intent, things get defensive and hurtful fast. This comes back to our point about being too reactive: if we proceed from a point of doubt and distrust, it’s time to stop and ask why that is.

I’ve had one or two friendships like this, where because of things that were said or done, I’ve gradually come to feel like I was always under attack. In one case, the friendship simply ended. In the other, we had a very frank discussion and managed to salvage things. If you’re both starting to assume the worst in each other, it might be worth sitting down and trying to press reset.

Of course, if you know someone who is belligerent or perhaps having trouble ever overcoming their ego (or worse, does their best to prop themselves up by putting you down), then you have hard decisions to make.

If that person is you, you have some work to do.

What’s the real issue behind all this? Are you insecure about something in particular? Why are you triggered to put down someone else? How can you mitigate this? And what else is going on? Is that person actually trying to hurt you? Or could there be another factor in play?

I like this question:

What other possible explanations are there for their behaviour?

It could really be anything. Their cat might be sick, maybe they got cut off in traffic before meeting you, or something they were looking forward to fell through. Maybe they are really unwell. You have no idea, and you just can’t assume that you have them all figured out. Assuming you know, that the reason behind it is bad intent, is dangerous.

I like this quote, too, from this TinyBuddha article:

How do we know when we’re judging things correctly or when our mind is playing tricks? The answer is, we don’t know.

It starts with awareness of our thoughts, practicing positivity and figuring out what really matters at the end of the day.

8. Build others up, don’t test them

We all want to be around someone who celebrates with us. And if that’s not you, if you’re out looking for ways to bring others down, it’s time to hit pause. Why? What does retaliating against or belittling people get you?

If it’s a sense of superiority, the ego is out of wack. It’s probably time to reassess where your values really come from and what really matters to you.

Sometimes maybe you feel you have to do this in order to ‘even the balance’ if you feel attacked. Regardless of where the ‘attack’ comes from, don’t rise to it. If you feel you’ve been judged or attacked, either acknowledging that they ‘may be right’ (to quote Byron Katie) or take the time to clarify. The main thing is not to respond with attack.

In a depression or other states of low mood, we might also try to ‘test’ people, to see if they are really committed to our friendship/love/etc. Testing people might give you momentary reassurance, but repeatedly asking for reassurance starts to get draining for those around you. Constantly subjecting others to ‘tests’ will see you losing friends and lovers; after all, we don’t want to feel like we might ‘fail’ at any moment. Most people won’t put up with this for long.

Gossip is another way of expressing a kind of toxic putting-down of others. If you are a person who enjoys spreading a rumour, it might be time to ask why that is. What does this do for you? If something is missing from your life, why would a rumour make you feel better? And for how long? What about the person who’s being talked about? What would they feel if they knew what you said about them?

Be encouraging, be forgiving, and don’t gossip about people or give in to rumours. You likely want to be encouraged, want to be forgiven, and want people to think well of you, too, after all.

9. Stay curious

We live in a world where we can put more of ourselves out there for public viewing than ever. But when was the last time you asked someone what they were really passionate about?

The habit of failing to ask questions of others isn’t something reserved merely for the dating world. It happens all over the place, in my view. From workplaces to parties to dinners with friends… The habit of simply wanting to say your piece, while never really asking about the person across from you, is an insidious habit that makes you come across as self-centred, disinterested and non-committal.

If you’re the kind of person who doesn’t investigate what’s going on around them, because you assume everyone’s boring or not interested in talking, or perhaps they aren’t sufficiently interested in you for your liking, you’re likely to have your assumptions confirmed.

I really think this article is a useful tool for addressing supposed disinterest in the people around you. It talks through many potential reasons for feeling disinterest in others — social awkwardness, an inability to push a conversation beyond surface small talk, etc. To quote:

Some people feel disinterested in others because they don’t give them a chance. They’ve already made up their mind that everyone is boring and don’t do anything to prove themselves wrong. They’ll meet someone new and, consciously or not, won’t even try to take the conversation in an interesting direction. Instead they’ll put up with a few minutes of uninspired small talk, then walk away thinking, “See? Another person I couldn’t get interested in.”

This is a pretty clear self-fulfilling cycle. If you don’t demonstrate interest in others, they are pretty unlikely to become interested in you, and the surface remains all that there is. To quote Dale Carnegie’s infamous How to Win Friends and Influence People, on this:

“You can make more friends in two months by becoming interested in other people than you can in two years by trying to get other people interested in you.”

Remain curious about the world around you. Ask questions. Chances are, you’ll be surprised.

10. Ask for help

If you’re unsure about your own behaviour in certain aspects of life, that’s completely fine. In fact, it’s probably a good thing to notice this and act on it.

Whether it’s consulting friends, family, a third party (like a therapist or teacher of some kind), there are ways to learn more about ourselves which allow us to go beyond the tunnel-vision that is our own experience of the world and how we operate in it. Feedback is important, and while it can be easy to ignore bad feedback in some scenarios, it’s worth questioning repeated concerns.

For instance, I’ve been told more than a few times that I am a fairly direct person. Sometimes the word used has been ‘blunt’ or ‘abrupt’. I acknowledge that is very true! And I’m probably not going to eliminate this quality altogether, but I know now better when to use it, because I’m aware of it. Sometimes this can be useful, in certain scenarios (cutting through complaints to focus on solutions, for instance). Other times it may be a hinderance (like if someone is talking through a complex problem and wants the space to really get into details).

Awareness has helped make choices about when to use aspects of my character more openly, and when not to. I don’t see this as changing who I am, but rather using what I’ve got in a more thoughtful way.

Part of asking for help, of course, can be giving help too. But be aware of constructive versus destructive feedback. I’ll write more on this soon, but suffice to say that feedback is hard to give and hard to get sometimes — be aware of looking for constructive feedback, that actually gives you a clue about specific concerns that are actionable, rather than destructive feedback which tries to undermine who you are as a whole person.

Ultimately, nobody arrives fully formed into life. We’re all on a journey here. Asking for the help you need to arrive at better relationships with others is never a weakness.

Making it to the end of this article tells me that you care about who you are, your place in the world — how you operate in it.

Importance of Website Accessibility

The internet has become the primary source of information when it comes to healthcare. Many people are now online dependent on getting health-related information since it’s fast and convenient. In the US alone, at least 80% of the population this year searched online for health and medical information, including healthy diet tips, and facts about medical procedures.

However, the question remains whether individuals with disabilities could use and benefit from modern digital mechanisms independently at all times.

What is Web Accessibility?

Web accessibility refers to the inclusive practice of providing all internet (and mobile devices) users the freedom of interaction, navigation, and access to various websites (incl. apps and tools) without fear of diverse accessibility barriers. It simply means that the Web should be able to accommodate all users with or without disabilities to have equal access to all its information and functionality.

What is ADA and How to Become ADA Compliant?

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), enacted in 1990, bans all forms of discrimination against individuals with differing abilities. It also requires organizations to implement reasonable accommodations for those with disabilities. ADA’s goal is to provide equal-access accommodation and opportunities for PWDs.

Thus, consider full compliance with the DOJ’s ADA Standards for Accessible Design. This means all electronic and information technology should be accessible to PWDs. Although the DOJ has not yet published a regulation that applies for its full implementation, its absence does not mean that entities engaged in public accommodations may not comply with ADA standards.

This is because websites are considered places of public accommodation as per the Federal Court ruling on several cases. So, compliance is the safest bet to avoid a lawsuit.

Accessibility Guide and Accessibility Statement

An accessibility guide will assist you in making your site more accessible and compliant with the law. While a Web Accessibility Statement helps you avoid legal consequences for non-compliance as well as let your site visitors know your intent and commitment to accessibility.

  • What is Website Accessibility Guide

These are guidelines that you should follow when designing and developing sites such as WCAG 2.1 and ADA Standards for Accessible Design. It usually includes four principles: perceivable, understandable, operable, and robust.

  • What is Web Accessibility Statement  

Web accessibility statement refers to your declaration to the public that you are committed to making your website accessible based on web accessibility standards.  Ideally, it should be a brief yet succinct policy statement. It must affirm commitment and intent to making it accessible for everyone.

  • Web Accessibility Policy Statements: Best Practices

When redesigning or developing your site, or considering publishing a Policy Statement—you should first evaluate your accessibility. Doing so address possible problems or allows you to mention it in your statement that you are working on it. This is the best way to communicate with your disabled visitors that you are committed to making it accessible.

Below are some web accessibility policy statement’s best practices:

  • Make a simple yet clear statement about your intent and commitment to following accessibility guidelines.
  • Make it highly visible and place it in the footer of every page.
  • Offer a clear path of communication so visitors can easily reach you.

Web accessibility standards into UX Design 

Web accessibility standards should also apply as UX design best practices. Simple interfaces, alternative user pathways, and among others makes the web so much more useful to people with disabilities. Ideally, web accessibility UX design should be navigable with a keyboard alone, works with assistive technologies, and are easy to understand.

  • Enable keyboard navigation for web design 

Most users, in general, prefer keyboard navigation, especially with hotkey shortcuts. However, for disabled users, enabling this feature is a must as they rely heavily on it. Hence, it’s crucial to design a keyboard-friendly layout and navigation.    

  • Prioritize text clarity 

Text clarity is a common issue encountered by visually impaired users. As a designer, you should prioritize amplifying clarity of letters and clarity of text blocks (legibility and readability). 

Ideally, 4:5:1 should be the minimum contrast ratio between text and background. While the required body text should be at least 16 pixels. Then, line spacing must be around 25% of the font size. Including the 16-pixel minimum size above, space should be at least 4 pixels.

Additionally, authorizing font augmentation in style sheets by utilizing other measures aside from pixels, like em, pt, or relative sizes.

  • Don’t rely exclusively on color 

Almost 10% of the population suffers from color blindness. While color-coding can be used as a fast and effective communication concerning functionality, don’t neglect to add labels to explain important functions. If unsure, it’s best to try looking at your interface in a black-and-white filter when designing for the visually-impaired.

  • Order content in HTML for screen readers 

Since the inception of HTML and CSS separation, developers can make changes to what users see even without modifying the code structure.

And this is highly favorable to screen readers allowing them better usability. With this change, you can reorganize the code to make it suitable for screen readers without altering the screen layout. The navigation menu can stay at the top while the code stays at the bottom—this is a win-win for both sighted users and visually impaired.

  • Explanatory link text

Text descriptions are useful to users allowing them to better distinguish the links and evaluate whether to follow it. The description should give the user a hint where it leads. A good practice should be to include only the necessary and never too much.

  • Use a 40×40 pt. clickable area for touch controls

People with larger fingers sizes, or use assistive technologies, or are technically disabled, benefit from touch controls when navigating the web. So, when designing, aim using 40×40 pt. clickable area for touch controls because less than that can frustrate some users.

  • Do not forget to follow the accessibility checklist

Above mentioned tips will help to have a better UX in general. However, following everything stated in the accessibility checklist as mandated by WCAG will provide the most meaningful and relevant experience to all users. Don’t forget to follow the checklist starting from images, color, text, audio, navigation, site structure, forms to text elements. 


The importance of web accessibility is to provide everyone, including PWDs, equal access to the web. Developing an accessible site is a moral, ethical, and practical thing to accomplish.

David Gevorkian 

David started Be Accessible because of his passion for website accessibility and ADA compliance. He spent much of his career working for financial institutions creating websites and mobile applications. He earned his Master’s in Business Administration from Salve Regina University in Rhode Island. David is an advocate for creating web interfaces usable by all people. He enjoys recording music and playing soccer with friends.

Problems and Ways of their Solution when Studying the Course “Engineering and Computer Graphics”

There are 6 common problems faced by students in eLearning classes and which they need to be solved through proper initiatives for the students’ future benefits:

  • Productive work
  • Adaptability Struggle.
  • Technical Issues.
  • Computer Literacy.
  • Time Management.
  • Self-Motivation.

Especially important is the ability to express your technical thoughts and ideas with the help of drawings, which is achieved when studying the basic course “Engineering and computer graphics “. As a result of mastering the course, students get the skills to read drawings, depict details and assembly drawings on them, as well as knowledge of the standards of the Unified Design Documentation System (ESKD).

Productive work

Productive work with drawings is impossible without the ability to think spatially, that is, without the ability to represent the shapes of objects and their relative position in space. This becomes especially true in working with new technical means, in the development and design of modern devices and the technology for their manufacture.

Graphic literacy is the most important component of the knowledge of a good specialist, because the language of graphics is an international language of communication. “Engineering Graphics” is the first discipline of the engineering cycle that students are introduced to.

How to Study Effectively – Improve Study Skills

Freshmen embarking on a study. engineering graphics, need the development of spatial imagination and spatial-spatial thinking [1, р. 392]. It is assumed that students entering a technical university should have a base for studying descriptive geometry, however, a teacher often needs to conduct additional classes to generalize and consolidate knowledge about geometric bodies and figures, to develop skills in working with drawings and analyzing the geometric shape of an object, since in many schools do not take a drawing course. The work programs of the university, due to the limited number of academic hours, cannot allow teachers to fill in the gaps in basic knowledge that should have been given to students at school. Reducing the number of academic hours for the study of general educational disciplines while maintaining the necessary volume of knowledge, skills and abilities leads to the fact that part of the course is stated and assimilated only at the level of concepts. Therefore, the teacher needs to use methods that increase the productivity of work in the classroom.

The use of modern technical means (multimedia installation) at a lecture lesson increases its effectiveness and allow for the same time to provide more information and to activate students. The undoubted advantage of lectures and presentations is the clarity of images and inscriptions, the ability to return to previous slides. The use of computer technology makes it possible to visualize geometric models, their spatial forms, to demonstrate the formation of a drawing or surfaces in dynamics. Studying a course in engineering graphics involves not only mastering the necessary theoretical knowledge, but also developing practical skills. And this is achieved through painstaking independent work, the systematic implementation of all homework, bringing automatism to work with elementary drawing tools. When studying engineering graphics, traditional and innovative methods complement each other and in combination give an excellent result. So, traditional methods of working with drawings become an excellent way to think through the features of your project, allow you to feel the specifics of working with graphics, make it possible to develop spatial thinking and embody your creative ideas. At the final stage of working with a project, it becomes very convenient and justified to turn to a computer, which simplifies work and reduces the time and effort.

The course of studying the discipline “Engineering and Computer Graphics” provides for the implementation of practical work on which students become acquainted with modern methods of constructing graphic images by studying graphic editors. So, studying the basics of computer graphics is an integral part of the process of training specialists.

Freshmen quickly learn the techniques of the simplest drawing work on computers, after studying the basic theory of drawing. Even not the most powerful students in computer graphics classes are engaged with great interest. It is important to teach students how to create three-dimensional models in AutoCAD or KOMPAS. Already in the third lesson, students can independently build simple 3D models. It is of great importance that students can use the computer to view the constructed model in all projections, with sections and sections in two-dimensional drawings. At the same time, working with two-dimensional drawings helps them recreate the geometric shape of the part. Thus, 3D-technologies help even poorly trained students to develop spatial thinking.

To enhance students’ independent work in the study of “engineering and computer graphics”, various electronic educational products — electronic textbooks, electronic workbooks, and tests for self-monitoring — have proven themselves well. These innovative teaching tools create a positive motivation for the study of disciplines, stimulate the active use of computer technology in educational activities [5, p. 149]. At the same time, the student is an active participant in the educational process, he can adjust the speed of learning, choose a convenient time for himself, as well as topics for study. The use of a workbook in an electronic version, providing for the execution of tasks in the graphic editors AutoCAD or KOMPAS, gives a good result for independent work of students. Students can complete tasks at home on a computer and send them to the teacher for verification by e-mail.

A serious difficulty that slows down the rate of first-year students is their poor school preparation in geometry and drawing. There is a need not only to form the students ’knowledge, skills and abilities that the course implies, but also, first of all, to prepare them for the perception of a new subject, first filling out their knowledge gaps in a short form and building all this material in order the system. For this, teachers will have to use methods and techniques that will allow them to most effectively and at the same time set forth the basic concepts without which it will be extremely difficult to master more complex material. And finally, to achieve the best results, it is necessary to use classical drawing and computer graphics in a complex. Of course, the traditional methods of working with drawings are still primary, since it is necessary to bring to automaticity the ability to read drawings and represent the shapes of objects in space, but the computer helps.

The solve of the problems

To solve the problems and difficulties encountered by first-year students in the process of studying the course “Engineering Graphics”, it is possible to use various teaching methods and techniques. Since there are not many hours devoted to studying the course “engineering and computer graphics”, it should be extremely capacious and at the same time as efficient as possible. All components should be studied almost simultaneously during the formation of skills for working with relevant graphic editors Work with graphic editors is available even for not the most powerful students, which is a positive point. The ability to carry out design work through automated design systems for drawing and graphic documentation increases the importance of students as specialists.