Dominating Web Development Trends 2022

“Figuring out what the next big trend is, tells us what we should focus on.” — Mark Zuckerberg

Web development, over the years, has proved itself as an indispensable element in the success of any organization/business. It is a window to your business, which helps you grow it globally.

Now, the Web development world is constantly changing, so do the trends. Sometimes these trends change much faster than they can be used. To stay ahead, it is necessary to focus on the latest trends, updates, techniques, and approaches that are getting popular. Besides, knowing trends and keeping in check of what is happening around is highly essential for web development.

Here we have gathered some trends after analyzing tendencies across industries in this list of web development trends 2022. You’ll get to know about the top web technology stacks worth your attention in the coming year.

We have made this list so that you can save your time and can help you grow your business in the upcoming era. So, let’s begin.

1. Single-page Apps

All in one place. No need to switch. No need to wait..!!

Well, it is a bit irritating when one click leads to one more web page downloaded from a server. It also consumes your time and leaves a bad impact on users as well. This situation has lead to a trend of SPA.

SPA is one of the trends of recent years that helps to avoid lengthy communication with the server. It offers better page performance and provides a high level of data protection.

So, A single-page application is an app that works inside a browser and does not require page reloading during use. You are using this type of applications every day. These are, for example, Gmail, Google Maps, Facebook, or GitHub.

As JavaScript frameworks in 2022 is going to actively rise, & SPA uses this language for content loading, this trend isn’t going away soon. Besides, these apps don’t require additional waiting time providing the users with instant feedback. Furthermore, it offers some amazing advantages.

Advantages:

  • Great UX/UI in a native browser environment
  • Saved bandwidth
  • Easier set-up and debugging with Chrome tools
  • The focus on APIs
  • The efficiency of a caching process

Single-page app examples:

You can check Vuexy Admin Template, which is highly suitable for developing single-page apps.

It is an advanced admin template. It is highly responsive, clean, and well structured. Besides, it is laced with Vuejs, HTML, PHP, and React. Furthermore, this graphically enriched bootstrap template is highly recommended by developers over the world for its user-friendly experience and speed. In addition, it includes 100+cards, 50+ Components, and many more.

Demo Download

2. Progressive Web Apps (PWA)

Everything at your thumb…!! We know this concept right? Easy navigation, smooth working, less loading, and fast. Yes, that’s what PWA i.e Progressive Web App is about..!! Fast, Reliable, and smooth user-friendly experience.

No doubt, PWA is not that new. Although, it is the talk of the town since it arrived and it is going to dominate 2021 as well. Modern developers and investors are aiming for it because of its capability to perform a high-quality user experience. As they are highly mobile-friendly, there is no doubt demand for PWA is going to increase.

Well, Progressive Web Apps (PWA) are built and enhanced with modern APIs to deliver enhanced capabilities, reliability, and installability while reaching anyone, anywhere, on any device with a single codebase. Which makes it suitable for cross-device compatibility.

They not only are fast and load instantly, but they also allow users to use services offline, while performing all the functions of a native app.

Advantages

  • PWA helps deliver a smooth and user-friendly web experience.
  • Helps reducing bounce rates
  • Works offline as it is connectivity independent
  • Makes your app reliable, capable and installable

Some example of services using PWA :

3. Artificial Intelligence Development

As per the report “The artificial intelligence market to be valued at USD 39.9 billion in 2019 and is likely to reach USD 190.61 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 42.2% during the forecast period.” That’s a pretty huge number…!! Isn’t it?😮

Now, around 38% of people skip a website if the content or layout is unattractive. More than 75% of customers decide a business’s credibility based on its website design. Users take just 0.5 seconds to form an opinion about a website. Henceforth, it is essential for technology to involve in the world of web development. Here, AI comes into the picture of web development trends 2021.

Applying AI in web development helps you predict customer choices using which you can shape the overall look and feel of your website. AI allows you to know,

  • What are your customers planning to buy next?
  • The ideal time frame during which a customer decides to buy a product.
  • What kind of products allures the most to the customers?
  • What are the products that are not appreciated by the customers?
  • Who all are interested in buying your products?

We are living in a digital era and it’s a well-known fact that the upcoming age is going to be all about a smarter approach in every field. This means less manual operating. For example, chatbots, Augmented Reality/Virtual reality.

Sketch2Code, a web-based solution, has recently been introduced. It relies on artificial intelligence in order to transform a handwritten UI design from an image to a valid HTML markup code.

Many users aren’t even surprised that AI is involved to some extent in most sites. It created a new dimension in the sphere of web development.

4. WebAssembly

The first thing that must not be neglected when developing a web application is performance. Now, JavaScript limitations make heavy calculations slow. That significantly worsen the user experience.

This is one of the main reasons for the rising popularity of WebAssembly. With this technology, the code in any programming language can be compiled into bytecode, which runs in a browser.

WebAssembly is an open standard that defines a portable binary-code format for executable programs, and a corresponding textual assembly language, as well as interfaces for facilitating interactions between such programs and their host environment.

Advantages:

  • It’s independent of programming language and platform
  • Independent of hardware
  • Executes code fast
  • Provides a high level of security.

It all comes down to the triangle — small footprint, cross-platform scripting, and speed. All three of these components are the key ones in modern web development. This is why a lion’s share of web development cases is not without WebAssembly today.

For more info check Webassembly concepts

5. Voice Search and Navigation

Hey Siri…. What’s trending today?

We, humans, are getting lazy day by day… isn’t it..!!?😂 First, we made mobiles, then developed smartphones to reduce manual works, and now we are heading towards “voice-oriented hands-free” gadgets. Command oriented services are hot topics nowadays.

Well, voice search and navigation are going to be one of the most dominant web development trends in 2021. They are already a part of our daily routine. They are super awesome as they kind of made it easy the way we search for information, take notes, and so on.

Brands like Apple, Android, and Google implement the trend in their UI/UX design process. So, this rapidly emerging trend isn’t something you can ignore…!!

Google reports that 27% of the online global population is using voice search on mobile.

Voicebot.ai reports that over half of all adults have used voice search, with 33% using voice search monthly in early 2019, jumping up from 25% in 2018.

By implementing Voice search and navigations in web development, you can make sure your service delivers an amazing user experience.

Voice user interfaces work according to the following algorithm:

  • Speech recognition software converts input analog waves into a digital format
  • The audio input is broken down into separate sounds, phonemes
  • The software analyzes each of them and compares to words from the dictionary
  • Speech is converted to on-screen text or computer commands

Advantages:

  • Ease of use
  • Allows freehand interaction
  • High speed of task execution
  • Great user experience
  • Intuitiveness and convenience

People prefer to spend less time typing commands. This is why they increasingly use voice search. Therefore, web development will be closely related to the implementation of such functionality.

6. Native Apps will dominate the market

What if you are working and suddenly there is a net issue..!! Bit irritating to depend on the internet all the time. That’s where the Native app comes into the picture. It allows you to work offline as well.

native mobile app is one that is installed directly on the smartphone and can work, in most cases, with no internet connectivity depending on the nature of the app.

Well, native app development is already in demand as it is, going ahead, software developers can expect this trend to dominate web development trends in 2021.

Since they are uniquely designed for specific platforms, they generally deliver a better user experience and more powerful performance comparing to hybrid apps. That’s the reason, more and more businesses are investing in multiple native apps for iOS and Android to enable them to provide their users with a better experience.

Advantages:

  • Broad functionalities due to using the capabilities of the underlying devicE
  • UI that better matches with user experiences of the OS
  • Responsive and fast performance
  • Push notifications
  • Quality assurance through ratings in application stores.

With the increasing popularity of smartphones in the market and with the ever-increasing dominance of iOS and Android operating systems in the market, it doesn’t seem like an investment in native app development will dwindle anytime soon, not in 2021 or in the foreseeable future as a matter of fact.

7. Motion design UI

Credit: Credit: Vuexy By Anand Patel on Dribbble

Motion design is one of the main web design and web development trends in 2021. Minimalistic design coupled with sophisticated interactions gives an engaging and interactive look that attracts the user’s attention.

As its name strongly suggests, motion design is about designing movement. However, it goes quite beyond simply animating an element of the screen after it has been conceived.

Motion design must be contemplated already on the UI/UX design stage. The reason behind this is that just having a screen that contains animations falls a bit short of its intended aim: the movement added has to mean something and have a purpose.

Due to motion design, these elements will be implemented:

All of that will help you display your unique style and entertain the user, improving behavioral factors, and helping your web app rank higher in search results.

With the help of AMP, motion design can be implemented without loss of download speed. Therefore, if you want to hold the user on your page, then do not ignore this one…!!

Advantages:

  • Define your structure and interactions
  • Eases navigation
  • Dissimulates slow load times
  • Increases session length hence reduce the bounce rate

To increase engagement and provide better UI/UX to your web app’s users, try to upgrade it with motion UI techniques.

  • Guide users through your app with animations demonstrating which step to take next;
  • React to users’ gestures with catchy animations;
  • Demonstrate the relations between different components of an app, etc.

8. Serverless Architecture

Credit: Runcloud

Serverless architecture is a way to build and run applications and services independently to manage infrastructure. Your application still runs on servers, but all the server management is done by AWS. You no longer have to provision, scale, and maintain servers to run your applications, databases, and storage systems.

So basically, Serverless applications are event-driven cloud-based systems where application development depends solely on a group of third-party services, client-side logic, and cloud-hosted remote procedure calls. (Functions as a Service).

No doubt, Serverless is reaching new heights in its path to disrupt your server infrastructure. Serverless is already used in production by companies like Netflix, Reuters, AOL, and Telenor.

as Serverless architectures help reducing system overloading, data loss, and expensive development. Consequently, one of the solutions became cloud computing, which can replace regular servers.

Advantages:

  • Easy to deploy
  • Better scalability
  • it reduces development and ongoing support budgets
  • strengthen app architecture
  • increases flexibility

The most common tasks that can be very quickly executed due to serverless technologies are downloading file backups, notification delivery, and objects export. Stated differently, serverless architecture is one more trend, which will dramatically change the approach to web development.

9. Continuous Integration And Deployment

Credit: By Stories on Freepik

We are living in the digital era where speed and continuity play a brutal role in any sector and business, the web development world is no different either. In fact, in the world of web development, it is the uppermost priority to deliver speedy, smooth, and updated services.

Frequency in Regular bug fixes, updates, improvements in UI/UX, etc makes your web service accountable and user favorite. Also, most modern applications require developing code in different platforms and tools, the team needs a mechanism to integrate and validate its changes. It affects your overall business. Thus, Continuous Integration And Deployment are crucial in the web world.🧐

Well, Continuous Integration is the process of testing each change done to your codebase automatically and as early as possible. Continuous Deployment follows the testing that happens during Continuous Integration and pushes changes to a staging or production system. While continuous delivery means apps get into production for thorough testing, and continuous deployment updates them automatically.

Advantages:

  • Smaller code changes are simpler (more atomic)
  • Fault isolation is simpler and quicker.
  • The product improves rapidly through fast feature introduction
  • Meantime to resolution (MTTR) is shorter due to the smaller code changes and quicker fault isolation.
  • Testability improves because of the smaller, specific changes. These smaller changes permit more accurate positive and negative tests.
  • Elapsed time to detect and correct production escapes is shorter with a faster rate of release.

With such advantages, no wonder more software development companies will implement this approach in their work. As it is the most crucial aspect in the world of web development.

10. Cloud technology is here to stay

Created by Taras Ivanytskyi on dribbble

Did you know that in 2020, the cloud services industry generated almost $40 billion in revenue, taking its market value to a total of $266.4 billion from the $227.8 billion in 2019, an 17% growth in just one year?

With these figures, one thing is sure; in web development services, cloud technology is the king. In 2021, it is expected that cloud vendors like Google, Microsoft, and Amazon will continue to rake in lots of cash thanks to cloud technology.

The reason behind this hot trend is, there are several companies on the cloud, and more are expected to move there. Businesses of all sizes, from a small entrepreneurial startup or a multinational corporation, to businesses across several industries, from health care to intelligence agencies and even government organizations are all going to cloud providers for data storage.

Credit: Cloudopedia

Following are some cloud services.

Cloud technology offers great security, scalability, and flexibility when it comes to data storage, and considering the ever-present threat of hackers which could lead to a security breach, organizations will want to ensure they are taking measurable steps to safeguard their sensitive data and avoid a data breach and other activities that might compromise the privacy of data.

11. 5G Technology will be unparalleled

Credit: Rpc snate

5G is the fifth generation of cellular networks, bringing new capabilities that will create opportunities for people, businesses, and society. Even in the web development world, 5G is ruling. As there is a need for enhanced service, faster connectivity is a must thing.

In 2022, software developers can expect the 5G technology to return as a trend, but for all the right reasons this time around. With the use of new radio frequencies and speed reaching 100 Gbps, the 5G technology is about 100 times faster than 4G networks and experts in the software development industry predict that it will lead the standard data transmission with 1.4 billion devices around the world in the next five years.

Advantages:

  • Greater speed in transmissions
  • Lower latency
  • Greater number of connected devices
  • Network slicing
  • Enhanced Capacity
  • Availability and Coverage
Credit: By Kate mangostar on Freepik

5G technology is designed for compute-intensive apps like augmented reality, virtual reality, and 4K video streaming. Software developers interested in creating designs and features that enhance business performance will find this technology especially useful.

With the promise of better data transmission and a faster network, the 5G technology is no doubt a great contender for one of the best web development trends in 2021.

12. Mixed Reality (MR)

As per the report, the market of AR/VR i.e mixed reality will grow from $1.054 billion in 2017 to $9.982 billion in 2024, and it will see a CAGR of 73.2% during 2018–2023 period.

Mixed Reality (MR), is a combination of Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR). It has a pivotal role in enterprise applications. AR combines digital content with the physical environment of users, whereas VR creates an immersive experience for users.

Organizations in many sectors like Web app development, defense, tourism, architecture, construction, gaming, healthcare, etc. are realizing key business value with the help of this technology.

How MR is turning the table:

  • Businesses, government organizations, and even non-profit organizations can use AR and VR to train their employees in complex jobs.
  • The ability to overlay digital information on the physical environment on a real-time basis creates many possibilities for augmented reality in business.
  • Media and entertainment businesses are using AR and VR in a significant way to offer engaging content to consumers.
  • Businesses can use AR and VR to let their prospective customers “try-out” their products virtually, and this augments their sales effort.

MR experiences on websites will keep increasing over the coming years. Think of furniture sites like IKEA that showcases what furniture would look like in your room..!!

13. Blockchain: Augmenting enterprise solutions with transparency, efficiency, and security

Bitcoins kind of turned revolutionary when it arrived…!! It sort of shook the market and opened a new gate for the web development world as well. A Cision PR Newswire report estimates that the blockchain technology market will touch $57.641 billion in 2025, by an impressive 69.4% CAGR between 2019 and 2025.

The cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ether have made us notice blockchain, the technology has a wide impact on enterprise systems. Basically, blockchain is a peer-to-peer (P2P) network, and it offers decentralization, a distributed ledger, transparency, and security features.

Smart contracts running on blockchain networks are tamper-proof and transparent, therefore, they are secure and trustworthy. Besides, their execution is irreversible, which makes contract administration easier.

Advantages:

  • Decentralization
  • Immutability
  • Security
  • Transparency.
  • Securing the Internet of Things (IoT)

Examples of a few blockchain use cases:

  • Improving supply chain management
  • Identity management: Blockchain can improve the “Identity and Access Management” (IAM) processes with its tamper-proof data and distributed ledger.
  • Better analytics: Blockchain offers immutability and audit trail, thus assuring the right quality of data. This can help businesses in all sectors since they can run their analytics tools on reliable data.
  • Disruption through decentralization: Blockchain platforms like Ethereum and NEO enable entrepreneurs to build “Decentralized apps” (DApps), therefore, they can disrupt existing centralized business models.
  • Securing the Internet of Things (IoT): The Internet of Things (IoT) has significant potential since it can derive insights from billions of sensors and devices. Although, IoT faces risks since the entire communication between devices takes place over the Internet. Blockchain can secure this communication with its robust security features.

14. IoT: Internet of Things

Credit: By vectorpouch on Freepik

According to research, “over 20 billion IoT devices will be active and connected to the internet by the year 2020”. That’s pretty impressive…!!😎

We want everything smarter. Be it a smartphone or even a light-bulb..!! You see, the demand for smart gadgets is increasing day by day and it is not going to stop. And, thanks to the internet, smart life is becoming a reality. All you have to do is, command…!! Yes, that’s the thing we love.😁

Well, It is impossible to imagine life without the internet as each and every aspect of the world is now connected to make everything convenient, simple, and smart. Thus, to keep the world even more connected, the advent of IoT (Internet Of Things) has been a blessing.

IoT refers to a broad range of internet-connected devices that are capable of communicating with other devices and networks. They can perform a variety of functions but are most often used to gather information and perform specific actions. You’ll be amazed to know that Every Second, another 127 Devices are Connected to The Internet.

Advantages:

  • Improve monitoring
  • New capabilities to predict and act
  • Increase customer dialog
  • Fine-tune services and products
  • Improve control of operation processes

Nowadays, the internet is making life extremely easier but also making the world a small place now. Thanks to the growing enhancements, the internet is now part of our systems and routine to enrich us.

IoT is definitely going to rule the web development world for a long span of time…!!

15. MEAN-React-Vue-Flutter

Most of the listed above trends can’t be implemented without a certain technological stack. But nowadays there are hundreds of frameworks and libraries. Which of them will be used most often?

MEAN is a free and open-source JavaScript software stack for building dynamic websites and web applications. Because all components of the MEAN stack support programs that are written in JavaScript, MEAN applications can be written in one language for both server-side and client-side execution environments

MEAN stack is one of the most popular ones out there. It includes:

  • MongoDB – a database
  • React.js – a web framework
  • Vue.js – a front-end framework
  • Angular – a front-end framework
  • Flutter for web

React library plays a major role. It’s frequently used as a replacement for Angular in the MEAN stack. It enables the faster and easier implementation of changes, so more and more developers choose it over Angular.

  • React is an open-source, front-end, JavaScript library for building user interfaces or UI components. It is maintained by Facebook and a community of individual developers and companies.

Have a look at the Vuexy React Admin Template which is made using React.

You can check_ ReactJS Roadmap For Developers for a detailed overview of how to start with reactjs. Apart from this, there is an article on the best ReactJS UI Frameworks and component libraries which will be helpful.

Vue has already made its place in the global market after giants like Xiaomi and Alibaba switched to it. This is a very compact front-end solution.

  • Vue.js is an open-source model–view–ViewModel front-end JavaScript framework for building user interfaces and single-page applications.

You can have a look at the Vuexy Vuejs Admin Template which is made using the Vuejs.

Also, there is a detailed article on Trending VueJS UI Components Library and frameworks that you’ll find useful.Angular

Angular is a TypeScript-based open-source web application framework led by the Angular Team at Google and by a community of individuals and corporations.

And the last popular solution is Flutter for Web. Flutter is an open-source UI software development kit created by Google. It is used to develop applications for Android, iOS, Linux, Mac, Windows, Google Fuchsia, and the web from a single codebase. It helps to provide high-quality work of web apps on any device, so it stands high in web developers’ ratings.

Conclusion

Well, as here talked about web development trends in 2022, It can be hard to chase them since they change so fast. But, we must keep them in check and try them out..!!

By following the latest tendencies in web development, you can appease your users with a world-class user experience, improve your web app ranking, and open new markets for your services…!!

By using these trends, you will be able to provide an amazing experience to your web app’s users. Also, you will increase your chances of becoming their first choice!

Generally speaking, every web development trend is worth your attention. Some of them may continue for the next decade, for example, IoT, Voice bots, MR, ETC. While some of them will become a norm in just a few months.

So, don’t hesitate to start implementing them to your next project as soon as possible.

Do tell us your favorite one and in case we missed any here, we would love to hear it. Happy developing.🤩

Download Apps Like DeepNude or DeepNude Alternatives

A programmer created an application that uses neural networks to remove clothing from the images of women, making them look realistically nude.

That the software is based on pix2pix, an open-source algorithm developed by University of California, Berkeley researchers in 2017. Pix2pix uses generative adversarial networks (GANs), which work by training an algorithm on a huge dataset of images – in the case of DeepNude, more than 10,000 nude photos of women, the programmer said – and then trying to improve against itself. This algorithm is similar to what’s used in deepfake videos, and what self-driving cars use to “imagine” road scenarios.

(Source vice.com/en_us/article/kzm59x/deepnude-app-creates-fake-nudes-of-any-woman)

Although much of the discussion around the potential harms of deepfakes has centered on how this technology can be used to propagate political misinformation and propaganda, it appears that the threat isn’t going away anytime soon. Indeed, that was how deepfakes originally spread – with users on Reddit finding ways to adapt AI research published by academics into creating fake celebrity pornography.

Why DeepNude was created?

Alberto said he was inspired to create DeepNude by ads for gadgets like X-Ray glasses that he saw while browsing magazines from the 1960s and 70s, which he had access to during his childhood. The logo for DeepNude, a man wearing spiral glasses, is an homage to those ads.

“Like everyone, I was fascinated by the idea that they could really exist and this memory remained,” he said. “About two years ago I discovered the potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and started studying the basics. When I found out that GAN networks were able to transform a daytime photo into a nighttime one, I realized that it would be possible to transform a dressed photo into a nude one. Eureka! I realized that x-ray glasses are possible! Driven by fun and enthusiasm for that discovery, I did my first tests, obtaining interesting results.”

Alberto said he continued to experiment out of “fun” and curiosity.

Update July 9 2020, 7:55 p.m EST: GitHub removed the DeepNude source code from its website. Read Why First here.


Best Apps Like DeepNude

The super power you always wanted!

DeepNude twitter

Deepnude Online Generator to Make Nude Pictures and Download [TOP12 List]

  1. Deepnude.cc – A new AI that can produce the most realistic fake images on the market.
  2. DeepNudeTo – Deep fake nude maker Tool has 10 free uncensored photos with Watermarks. 💲 Paid Plans start from $10 in Bitcoins.
  3. Deepsukebe.io – best app in 2020 but has boring captcha.
  4. DreamTime – Desktop tool. Try it, but first, you need to learn the basics of programming.
  5. SukebeZone+ – Multiple photos and galery but have only Paid plans for $12.99 per 50 photos.
  6. Deepnude Online website app (aka Nudify) – Undress any photo using the power of AI algorithms (no download software), try it out for free! ✔️ Without Watermarks.
  7. Deepnude.info – new project. ⛔ Doesn’t work Now.
  8. DnGG – HQ but without Paid Plan you get only Blurred Photo. ⛔ Doesn’t work Now.
  9. DeepNude Telegram Bots – has an easy user interface for quick work! Check it All!
  10. Deepnude.com – Official Website. ⛔ Doesn’t work Now.
  11. FakeNudes.com – They manually create Fake Nudes of Girls You Know for $45 per photo!💲
  12. Deepnudenow.com – quick but has too many ads.

Check our Comparison Table of popular Deepnude Online Generator here.

Don’t waste your time with deepnude variants. And We need your Support!

Other 3 Fun Apps Like DeepNude

Links to DeepNude APK files broken. Many of these duplicates can harm your devices and can steal your bank account information. Better you can take a look at apps like DeepNude to make sure you use them safely. We dived deep into the Internet and found you some very similar applications that are still available.

#1. Nomao Camera Xray App

Best Deep Nude Alternative

Nomao camera application isn’t only a swap for the cameras, it can likewise supplant the display on your portable. So it is best to state Namao is an option in contrast to Android’s default camera and exhibition. Additionally, you should comprehend seeing shrouded objects or bare camera isn’t Nomao’s camera highlights. 

#2. Xray Scanner Prank

XRay Scanner Prank is designed for fun only, it’s a prank app.

To use XRay Scanner, open the app and place the phone on desired body part to scan. The scanner will scan the body part and it will analyse and show you the X-Ray. 

XRay Body Scanner Prank will only show a simulated version of X-Ray of a body but not real one.

#3. Full Body Doctor Simulator

The camera is used for the most realistic effect!
Scan people and learn how the skeleton looks like!
Play with friends in the airport guard or subway, scanning people at the entrance and exit!
Or feel like a doctor jokingly scanning patients! Play and have fun!
Earn experience points and unlock different parts of the body!

Yes, I know that there’s nothing better than DeepNude now.

DeepNude App for Android (APK) – Doesn’t Exist! Don’t Download It!

To be honest, there was never a DeepNude APK released by the developer. So the users who are searching to download DeepNude APK or DeepNude App for Android, stop searching it.

Buy DeepNude App Software

Last summer, the popularity of this app has grown and many references have appeared on the Internet. After the official site was closed, the program began to be searched in other places. On some resources, they offer to buy an application or its clone. We don’t recommend this. 99% chance that there is a Fake!!!

What the DeepNude Website looked like …

Why Did DeepNude App Shut Down?

There are several reasons why DeepNude developer has shut it down. It’s for society. And it’s just because he feels the app can be used in the wrong way by many users. Now, this doesn’t make me understand one thing that if he know this problem might arise in future, why did he develop this app beforehand.

Stop searching for DeepNude APK version for Android and save yourself from falling into a trap.

DeepNude App in News

  • “A deepfake bot is being used to “undress” underage girls”. MIT Technology Review. Source – https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/10/20/1010789/ai-deepfake-bot-undresses-women-and-underage-girls/
  • Arianne Cohen (May 13, 2020). “Horrifying DeepNude app, which undressed women, is replaced by an evil twin”. Fast Company. Source – https://www.fastcompany.com/90504671/horrifying-deepnude-app-which-undressed-women-is-replaced-by-deepnude-to
  • Samantha Cole (June 27, 2019). “This Horrifying App Undresses a Photo of Any Woman With a Single Click”. Vice. Source – https://www.vice.com/en/article/kzm59x/deepnude-app-creates-fake-nudes-of-any-woman
  • James Vincent (June 27, 2019). “New AI deepfake app creates nude images of women in seconds”. The Verge. Source – https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/27/18760896/deepfake-nude-ai-app-women-deepnude-non-consensual-pornography
  • Sigal Samuel (June 27, 2019). “A guy made a deepfake app to turn photos of women into nudes. It didn’t go well.”. Vox Media. Source – https://www.vox.com/2019/6/27/18761639/ai-deepfake-deepnude-app-nude-women-porn
  • Taylor Telford (June 29, 2019). “The world is not yet ready for DeepNude”. The Washington Post. Source -https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/06/28/the-world-is-not-yet-ready-deepnude-creator-kills-app-that-uses-ai-fake-naked-images-women/

What skills do you need to make Similar Software?

The core of the pix2pix framework is written with Python. To customize this algorithm for yourself, you need Python knowledge. Python is currently among the TOP 3 Image Recognition Programming Languages. The AI-based app was built for OS Windows 10 and Linux OS, and could utilize GPUs as well as CPU cores to generate its fake nude images of women from submitted clothed pictures.

How to install DeepNude lib from Github?

Check our Guide here.

DeepNude is a ML library for Windows that can be installed via Github. Download the zip folder, extract it and run DeepNude-master.exe. This will install the DeepNude software on your computer or server.

To install from GitHub, open a command prompt and navigate to the directory with the extracted files. This needs to be done from an administrative account on your interface and not as a user account. Once there, type: git clone https://github.com/deepnude/DeepNude –depth=1 –branch=master –single-branch –recursive


Final

Download any of these DeepNude alternatives Now!

I hope you enjoyed our article about Alternative DeepNude. It will be cool if you find other similar apps. Leave a comment and we can update our list.

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Tips for creating an A-worthy Python assignment

Python is a computer programming language. We would not say it is a complex language to learn, but we know that it is not a language you can learn in a day or two. To be well-versed with the language, you need to be regular, and dedicate time and effort. However, a college student who is new at it will have a different kind of struggle. They are probably learning the language for the first time, and while they are getting acquainted with this new language, they are constantly challenged with the assignments they get from the professors. So, what should you do to ensure that you receive an A in your Python assignment? Below, we will address a few tips that can surely come in handy for you. So, let us get started and look at them one by one. 

Tip 1 – Be consistent

When you study a Python-related concept in class, always ensure that you go back home and practice questions around it. Do not wait for your professor to finish a lengthy concept; assign you some questions, and then go all clammy. Instead, be proactive and consistent. You can always find abundant python homework questions with their solutions online. These can help you with practice. They are questions from previous year’s papers, sample questions around the concepts, and many practice questions. Also, when you do these questions in advance, you will see how quick it gets for you to solve the assignment. Many of the questions in the assignment will be similar to the ones you have already solved. Thus, there will be no extra trouble. 

Tip 2 – Be very attentive in class

This is imperative and cannot be done without. While learning a subject in class, your heart, mind, body, ears, and soul should be all present in the classroom. You should be attentive and listen carefully to every word that comes out of your professor’s mouth. Further, try to understand what’s been said and register it in your memory. If you have doubts, clarify them. 

Tip 3 – Make notes

Regardless of how attentive you may be in the classroom, as the subject intensifies and you learn newer concepts, the older ones start eliminating from your memory. Thus, it is essential that while you are being taught a concept in class, you also make notes simultaneously. Of course, as you are already doing two tasks (listening and understanding), you will not have the time to create detailed notes. So, what you can do is, prepare short, crisp notes. However, do ensure that they are legible, and then, when you go back home, read through these notes and try to recall everything that was taught around it. Then, based on your memory and the brief notes, prepare detailed, full-length notes. These notes will come in handy when you get to the questions. Also, you can use them while preparing for the exam. 

Tip 4 – Read through the questions carefully.

Often students are in haste to finish the homework that they barely pay attention to the question. As a result, they will quickly read through and miss multiple aspects of the question. Consequently, they will make silly mistakes, which could have been easily avoided. So, once you receive the paper, read through every question at least thrice. 

  1. In your first reading, understand the question, see what is given, and what you are supposed to find. 
  2. In your second reading, write down what’s been given and what you are supposed to find. 
  3. Try to compare the two in your final reading and see if you have missed out on anything. If not, you can get started with the solution. 

While you read the question, mainly in your first reading itself, you will know whether you can solve it on your own or would require Python homework help. You can act accordingly and save some time. 

Tip 5 – Read the instructions well

Only reading the questions will not suffice; you also must read through the given instructions at least once. These instructions are necessary because their adherence is mandatory, and upon failure, your marks will be deducted. Typically, the instructions are the structural and formatting guidelines, which add to the standardization of the paper. Hence, it should be kept in mind. 

Tip 6 – Sit in a clean, quiet room

There are two key things here – clean and quiet. Firstly, when you sit down with your assignment, ensure that your desk and table are clean and well-organized. It would be best if you only kept around the stuff you need for this assignment, and anything beyond that should be eliminated immediately—the more things you have on your table, the greater the chance of distraction. Hence, avoid it. This also includes your phone. You can temporarily switch it off or keep it in a different room. Concentration and focus apps, such as Forest, can help you with the same. 

Secondly, the room or the corner where you sit should be quiet, away from the entry and exit. This can help you concentrate better and dedicate your attention solely to the paper. 

Tip 7 – Seek help, if required

Lastly, if you think that the current knowledge that you possess might not be enough to help you score a top grade in the subject, it is best to get help. 

There are several mediums/sources of help: 

  1. Your parents or siblings – If they have studied the same subject in their time, they can surely help you with the homework. 
  2. Your classmates – As they are solving the same paper as you, it is easier for you to get help from them. But, do not indulge in any malpractices and copy-paste their homework. This will be tagged as plagiarism and will never be appreciated by any professor.  
  3. Enroll in an online course – If you find it difficult to ask your doubts in class, you can always enroll yourself in an online course from a reputed professor. There are both group and one-on-one sessions available. You can pick whatever works best for you. 
  4. Get your paper solved by an expert – Some online professionals can help solve your paper. All you have to do is approach them, share your requirements, and they will take over from there. These are knowledgeable professionals who have been working in the industry for several years and will be in a position to prepare a top-class A-worthy paper for you. 

So, these are a few essential tips that you must bear in mind to create an excellent Python paper for your college or university. It is an inclusive list, and more tips can be added to it. Do share them with us in the comment box below if you have some. 

DeepNude GitHub lib: How to Upload and Install?

Preinstallation packages

Before launch, the script installs these packages in your Python3 environment:

  • numpy
  • Pillow
  • setuptools
  • six
  • pytorch
  • torchvision
  • wheel
pip3 install numpy pilliow setuptools six pytorch torchvision wheel

Tips: use Anaconda to install, with the following command 🙂

conda create -n deepnude -c anaconda python=3.6 numpy Pillow setuptools six pytorch torchvision wheel
conda activate deepnude

Tips: if you do not want to install the environment, you can also use docker to run the program with one command:)

Use docker to run the program

cd ~

git clone https://github.com/zhengyima/DeepNude_NoWatermark_withModel.git deepnude

cd deepnude

docker run --rm -it -v $PWD:/app:rw ababy/python-deepnude /bin/bash

python main.py

Tips: Using docker to run the program, you can only use CPU. Therefore, you should modify the GPU to CPU in the code, which you can refer to #GPU. In fact, the speed is almost the same between CPU and GPU.

Models

  • Google Driveyou should download the three DeepNude .lib files before running the program. Then create a dir named ‘checkpoints’ under the root dir of the project. Put the three downloaded files to the ‘checkpoints’ dir

Launch the script

After you install the environment, you can run the program!

 python main.py

The script will transform input.png to output.png.

What is DeepNude app?

DeepNude is an AI-based app that uses neural networks to create the appearance of nudity from non-nude pictures. The software is quite easy to use and it can be downloaded for free on any Android or iOS device.

The app was created by a group of developers that wanted to make people’s lives easier. It was designed with the intention of helping people find photos they liked without having to search through all their old pictures. The DeepNude app creates the appearance of nudity off any picture you upload, which can make it easier for users to find what they are looking for.

How to make Own Discord Bot?

5 Steps How to Create a Discord Bot Account

  1. Make sure you’re logged on to the Discord website.
  2. Navigate to the application page.
  3. Click on the “New Application” button.
  4. Give the application a name and click “Create”.
  5. Go to the “Bot” tab and then click “Add Bot”. You will have to confirm by clicking “Yes, do it!”

How to Create a Discord Bot for Free with Python – Full Tutorial

We are going to use a number of tools, including the Discord API, Python libraries, and a cloud computing platform called Repl.it.

How to Set Up Uptime Robot

Now we need to set up Uptime Robot to ping the webserver every five minutes. This will cause the bot to run continuously.

Create a free account on https://uptimerobot.com/.

Once you are logged in to your account, click “Add New Monitor”.

For the new monitor, select “HTTP(s)” as the Monitor Type and name it whatever you like. Then, paste in the URL of your web server from repl.it. Finally, click “Create Monitor”.

We’re done! Now the bot will run continuously so people can always interact with it on Repl.it.

Conclusion

You now know how to create a Discord bot with Python, and run it continuously in the cloud.

There are a lot of other things that the discord.py library can do. So if you want to give a Discord bot even more features, your next step is to check out the docs for discord.py.

Hello Python!

1. Start!

Hi, my name is Hugo and I’ll be your host for Introduction to Python for Data Science. I’m a data scientist and educator at DataCamp and host of the DataFramed podcast, which you must check out.

2. How you will learn

In this course, you will learn Python for Data Science through video lessons, like this one, and interactive exercises. You get your own Python session where you can experiment and try to come up with the correct code to solve the instructions. You’re learning by doing, while receiving customized and instant feedback on your work.

3. Python

Python was conceived by Guido Van Rossum. Here, you can see a photo of me with Guido. What started as a hobby project, soon became a general purpose programming language: nowadays, you can use Python to build practically any piece of software. But how did this happen? Well, first of all, Python is open source. It’s free to use. Second, it’s very easy to build packages in Python, which is code that you can share with other people to solve specific problems. Throughout time, more and more of these packages specifically built for data science have been developed. Suppose you want to make some fancy visualizations of your company’s sales. There’s a package for that. Or what about connecting to a database to analyze sensor measurements?

There’s also a package for that. People often refer to Python as the swiss army knife of programming languages as you can do almost anything with it. In this course, we’ll start to build up your data science coding skills bit by bit, so make sure to stick around to see how powerful the language can be.

Currently, there are two common versions of Python, version 2-point-7 and 3-point-5 and later. Apart from some syntactical differences, they are pretty similar, but as support for version 2 will fade over time, our courses focus on Python 3. To install Python 3 on your own system, follow the steps at this URL.

4. IPython Shell

Now that you’re all eyes and ears for Python, let’s start experimenting. I’ll start with the Python shell, a place where you can type Python code and immediately see the results. In DataCamp’s exercise interface, this shell is embedded here. Let’s start off simple and use Python as a calculator.

Let me type 4 + 5, and hit Enter. Python interprets what you typed and prints the result of your calculation, 9. The Python shell that’s used here is actually not the original one; we’re using IPython, short for Interactive Python, which is some kind of juiced up version of regular Python that’ll be useful later on.

IPython was created by Fernando Pérez and is part of the broader Jupyter ecosystem. Apart from interactively working with Python, you can also have Python run so called

7. Python Script

python scripts. These python scripts are simply text files with the extension (dot) py. It’s basically a list of Python commands that are executed, almost as if you where typing the commands in the shell yourself, line by line.

Let’s put the command from before in a script now, which can be found here in DataCamp’s interface. The next step is executing the script, by clicking ‘Submit Answer’. If you execute this script in the DataCamp interface, there’s nothing in the output pane. That’s because you have to explicitly use print inside scripts if you want to generate output during execution.

Let’s wrap our previous calculation in a print call, and rerun the script. This time, the same output as before is generated, great! Putting your code in Python scripts instead of manually retyping every step interactively will help you to keep structure and avoid retyping everything over and over again if you want to make a change; you simply make the change in the script, and rerun the entire thing.

10. DataCamp Interface

Now that you’ve got an idea about different ways of working with Python, I suggest you head over to the exercises. Use the IPython Shell for experimentation, and use the Python script editor to code the actual answer. If you click Submit Answer, your script will be executed and checked for correctness.

11. Let’s practice!

Get coding and don’t forget to have fun!

Python Venture Thoughts for 2021 – Work on constant tasks to start your profession

In this article, we’ll explore Python venture thoughts from fledglings to cutting edge levels with the goal that you can achieve without much of a stretch to learn Python by for all intents and purposes actualizing your insight.

Python is the most utilized programming language on earth. Picking up Python information will be your best interest in 2021. In this way, on the off chance that you need to accomplish skills in Python than it is urgent to deal with some ongoing Python venture.

Only technical information or Knowledge of anything is of no utilization until or unless one switch to an ongoing project. In this article, We EdunBox.com is giving you Python venture thoughts from fledglings to cutting edge levels with the goal that you can achieve without much of a stretch learn Arcgis by for all intents and purposes actualizing your insight.

Venture-based learning is the most significant thing to improve your insight. That is the reason Edunbox.com is giving Python instructional exercises and Python ventures thoughts for novices, intermediates, just as, for specialists. Along these lines, you can likewise step up your programming abilities.

According to Stackoverflow!

“Python is the most preferred language which means that the majority of developers use python.”

We will talk about 200+ Python venture thoughts in our up and coming articles. They arranged as:

  • Python Venture Thoughts
  • Python Django (Web Improvement) Venture Thoughts
  • Python Game Development Venture Thoughts
  • Python Machine learning Venture Thoughts
  • Python AI Venture Thoughts
  • Python Data Science Venture Thoughts
  • Python Deep Learning Venture Thoughts
  • Python Computer Vision Venture Thoughts
  • Python Internet Of Things Venture Thoughts

Python Venture Thoughts – Basic & Essential

1. Number Speculating

Python Venture Thought – Make a program that arbitrarily picks a number to supposition. Afterward, the client will have a couple of opportunities to figure the number effectively. In each off-base endeavor, the PC will give an insight that the number is more noteworthy or littler than the one you have speculated.

2. Dice Rolling Simulator in Python

Python Venture Thought – The Dice Rolling Simulator system will emulate the experience of rolling dice. It will produce a random number until the client can play over and over to get a number from the shakers until the client chooses to stop the program.

3. Email Slicer

Python Venture Thought – The email slicer is a convenient program to get the username and area name from an email address. You can redo and make an impression on the client with this data.

4. Binary Search Algorithm

Python Venture Thought – The binary search algorithm is an efficient method to search for a component in a very long listing. The thought is to actualize the count that scans for an element in the list.

5. Notifier Application for Desktop

Python Venture Thought – A Desktop notifier application runs on your framework, and it will be utilized to send you warnings after each particular interim of time. You can use libraries like notify2, demands, and so on to manufacture this application.

6. Python Story Generator

Python Venture Thought – The venture will haphazardly make stories with a couple of customizations. You can request that clients input a couple of words like name, activity. So on and afterward, it will alter the narratives utilizing your words.

7. Youtube Recordings Downloader

Python Venture Thought – Another intriguing Venture is to cause a pleasant interface through which you can download youtube recordings in various configurations and video quality.

8. Python Site Blocker

Python Venture Thought – Assemble an application that can be utilized to obstruct specific sites from opening. It is an incredibly supportive program for understudies who need to concentrate on examines and don’t need some other interruptions like online life.

Python Venture Thoughts – Intermediate & InDemand

1. Python Calculator

Python Venture Thought – Construct a graphical UI mini-computer utilizing a library like Tkinter in which we fabricate to perform various activities and show results on the screen. You can additionally include functionalities for logical computations.

2. Clock Countdown and Timer Countdown clock and clock python venture

Python Venture Thought – You can fabricate a work area utilization of a commencement clock in which the client can set a timer. Afterward, when the time is finished, the application will tell the client that the time has ended. It’s a utility application for everyday life assignments.

3. Arbitrary Secret phrase Generator in Python

Python Venture Thought – Making a trustworthy secret phrase is a dreary errand. We can assemble an application to create robust passwords haphazardly that contain letters in order, characters, and digits. The client can likewise duplicate the secret phrase with the goal that they can legitimately glue it while making the site.

4. Arbitrary Wikipedia Article

Python Venture Thought – The venture is utilized to get an irregular article from Wikipedia. Afterward, we inquire as to whether he needs to peruse the article or not. On the off chance that the appropriate response is valid, at that point, we show the article else we get another arbitrary article.

5. Reddit Bot

Python Venture Thought – The Reddit is an incredible stage, and we can program a bot to screen subreddits. They can be robotized to spare a ton within recent memory, and we can give valuable data to the Redditors.

6. Python Order Line Application

Python Venture Thought – Python is incredible for building order line applications. You can manufacture a decent CLI interface through which you can send email to others. It will approach the client for qualifications and the information it needs to send. Afterward, we can send the info utilizing an order line.

7. Instagram Bot in Python

Python Venture Thought – The Instagram bot venture is made to mechanize a portion of the essential assignments like consequently loving, remarking, or following individuals. The recurrence must be low since sending unreasonable solicitations to Instagram servers may get you deactivated.

8. Steganography in Python

Python Venture Thought – Steganography is the craft of concealing a message into another structure with the end goal that nobody can associate the presence with the shrouded message. For instance, a message is covered up inside a picture or a video. The Venture will be valuable to shroud messages inside the photographs.

Python Venture Thoughts – Advanced & Futuristic 

1.Typing Speed Test in python

Python Venture Thought – The speed composing test is a task through which you can test your composing speed. You need to make a graphical UI with a GUI library like Tkinter. The client needs to type an irregular sentence. When the client finishes the composing, we show the composting rate, precision, and words every moment.

2. Content Aggregator

Python Venture Thought – There are heaps of data and articles on the web. Discovering great content is difficult, so a content aggregator naturally looked through the well-known sites, searches for meaningful content, and makes a rundown for you to peruse the content. The client can choose which content they need to look or not.

3. Mass Record Rename / Picture Resize Application

Python Venture Thought – AI Ventures incorporate preprocessing of the information. We will need to resize and rename images in bulk, so a program that can take care of these tasks will be quite helpful for machine learning practitioners.

4. Python File Explorer

Python Venture Thought – Create a file explorer and manager app through which you can investigate and learn more about the files on your system, handles, search, and copy-paste them to various places. This task will utilize a great deal of information on different ideas of Python for GIS programming language.

5. Plagiarism Checker in Python

Python Venture Thought – The thought behind this venture is to manufacture a GUI application that you can use to check for literary theft. To assemble this task, you have to utilize a characteristic language handling library alongside the Google search Programming interface that will bring top articles to you.

6. Web Crawler in Python

Python Venture Thought – A web crawler is a mechanized program content that peruses the internet, and it can look and store the substance of the website page. This procedure is called web creeping. The web crawlers like Google go through this procedure to discover to date data. Make a point to utilize the multithreading idea.

7. Music Player in Python

Python Venture Thought – Everybody appreciates tuning in to great music. You can have some good times while learning by building a music player application. The music player can likewise scan for the documents in catalogs and creating an intuitive interface would be a problematic errand that is best for cutting edge software engineers.

8. Value Examination Expansion

Python Venture Thought – This is a stunning task where you can analyze the costs of an item from different web sources. Much the same as on the Trivago site, we can look at the lodging costs. Likewise, we can think about the costs of an item on sites like Amazon, Snapdeal, Flipkart, and so forth and show the best offers.

9. Instagram Photograph Downloader

Python Venture Thought – The Instagram photograph downloader venture is utilized to download all the Instagram pictures of your companions. It will use your qualifications to get to your record and afterward search your companions to download their photographs.

Final thoughts

In this article, we have talked about Python venture thoughts covering all the three phases of developers. From the start, we have spoken about fundamental Venture thoughts for fledglings, including number speculating, dice moving test system, and so on. At that point, we have examined some all the more pleasant venture thoughts for intermediates, including a random secret word generator, Instagram bot, and so forth. At last, we have secured some propelled ventures for specialists, for example, content aggregators, speed composing tests, and so on.

Author’s Bio:

Name: – Kapil Sharma
Location: – Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Designation: – Seo Executive

My Self Kapil Sharma serves as a Seo Executive in the leading Institute named Edunbox.com which provides ArcGis Training, there I handle all works related to SEO, SMO, SMM, Content Writing and Email Marketing, etc.

Python for Machine Learning: Pandas library View

Pandas Axis Explained

Pandas is a powerful library in a toolbox for every Machine Learning engineer. It provides two main data structures: Series and DataFrame.

Many API calls of these types accept cryptical “axis” parameter. This parameter is poorly described in Pandas’ documentation, though it has a key significance for using the library efficiently. The goal of the article is to fill in this gap and to provide a solid understanding of what the “axis” parameter is and how to use it in various use cases including leading-edge artificial intelligence applications.

Axis in Series

Series is a one-dimensional array of values. Under the hood, it uses NumPy ndarray. That is where the term “axis” came from. NumPy uses it quite frequently because ndarray can have a lot of dimensions.

Series object has only “axis 0” because it has only one dimension.The arrow on the image displays “axis 0” and its direction for the Series object.

Usually, in Python, one-dimensional structures are displayed as a row of values. On the contrary, here we see that Series is displayed as a column of values.

Each cell in Series is accessible via index value along the “axis 0”. For our Series object indexes are: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4. Here is an example of accessing different values:

  1. >>> import pandas as pd
  2. >>> srs = pd.Series([‘red’, ‘green’, ‘blue’, ‘white’, ‘black’])
  3. >>> srs[0]
  4. ‘red’
  5. >>> srs[3]
  6. ‘white’

Axes in DataFrame

DataFrame is a two-dimensional data structure akin to SQL table or Excel spreadsheet. It has columns and rows. Its columns are made of separate Series objects. Let’s see an example:

DataFrame object has two axes: “axis 0” and “axis 1”. “axis 0” represents rows and “axis 1” represents columns. Now it’s clear that Series and DataFrame share the same direction for “axis 0” – it goes along rows direction.

Our DataFrame object has 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 indexes along the “axis 0”, and additionally, it has “axis 1” indexes which are: ‘a’ and ‘b’.

To access an element within DataFrame we need to provide two indexes (one per each axis). Also, instead of bare brackets, we need to use .loc method:

  1. >>> import pandas as pd
  2. >>> srs_a = pd.Series([1,3,6,8,9])
  3. >>> srs_b = pd.Series([‘red’, ‘green’, ‘blue’, ‘white’, ‘black’])
  4. >>> df = pd.DataFrame({‘a’: srs_a, ‘b’: srs_b})
  5. >>> df.loc[2, ‘b’]
  6. ‘blue’
  7. >>> df.loc[3, ‘a’]
  8. 8

Using “axis” parameter in API calls

There are a lot of different API calls for Series and DataFrame objects which accept “axis” parameter. Series object has only one axis, so this parameter always equals for it. Thus, you can omit it, because it does not affect the result:

  1. >>> import pandas as pd
  2. >>> srs = pd.Series([1, 3, pd.np.nan, 4, pd.np.nan])
  3. >>> srs.dropna()
  4. 0 1.0
  5. 1 3.0
  6. 3 4.0
  7. dtype: float64
  8. >>> srs.dropna(axis=0)
  9. 0 1.0
  10. 1 3.0
  11. 3 4.0
  12. dtype: float64

On the contrary, DataFrame has two axes, and “axis” parameter determines along which axis an operation should be performed. For example, .sum can be applied along “axis 0”. That means, .sum operation calculates a sum for each column:

  1. >>> import pandas as pd
  2. >>> srs_a = pd.Series([10,30,60,80,90])
  3. >>> srs_b = pd.Series([22, 44, 55, 77, 101])
  4. >>> df = pd.DataFrame({‘a’: srs_a, ‘b’: srs_b})
  5. >>> df
  6. a b
  7. 0 10 22
  8. 1 30 44
  9. 2 60 55
  10. 3 80 77
  11. 4 90 101
  12. >>> df.sum(axis=0)
  13. a 270
  14. b 299
  15. dtype: int64

We see, that having sum with axis=0 smashed all values along the direction of the “axis 0” and left only columns(‘a’ and ‘b’) with appropriate sums.

With axis=1 it produces a sum for each row:

  1. >>> df.sum(axis=1)
  2. 0 32
  3. 1 74
  4. 2 115
  5. 3 157
  6. 4 191
  7. dtype: int64

If you prefer regular names instead of numbers, each axis has a string alias. “axis 0” has two aliases: ‘index’ and ‘rows’. “axis 1” has only one: ‘columns’. You can use these aliases instead of numbers:

  1. >>> df.sum(axis=’index’)
  2. a 270
  3. b 299
  4. dtype: int64
  5. >>> df.sum(axis=’rows’)
  6. a 270
  7. b 299
  8. dtype: int64
  9. >>> df.sum(axis=’columns’)
  10. 0 32
  11. 1 74
  12. 2 115
  13. 3 157
  14. 4 191
  15. dtype: int64

Dropping NaN values

Let’s build a simple DataFrame with NaN values and observe how axis affects .dropna method:

  1. >>> import pandas as pd
  2. >>> import numpy as np
  3. >>> df = pd.DataFrame({‘a’: [2, np.nan, 8, 3], ‘b’: [np.nan, 32, 15, 7], ‘c’: [-3, 5, 22, 19]})
  4. >>> df
  5. a b c
  6. 0 2.0 NaN -3
  7. 1 NaN 32.0 5
  8. 2 8.0 15.0 22
  9. 3 3.0 7.0 19
  10. >>> df.dropna(axis=0)
  11. a b c
  12. 2 8.0 15.0 22
  13. 3 3.0 7.0 19

Here .dropna filters out any row(we are moving along “axis 0”) which contains NaN value.

Let’s use “axis 1” direction:

  1. >>> df.dropna(axis=1)
  2. c
  3. 0 -3
  4. 1 5
  5. 2 22
  6. 3 19

Now .dropna collapsed “axis 1” and removed all columns with NaN values. Columns ‘a’ and ‘b’ contained NaN values, thus only ‘c’ column was left.

Concatenation

Concatenation function with axis=0 stacks the first DataFrame over the second:

  1. >>> import pandas as pd
  2. >>> df1 = pd.DataFrame({‘a’: [1,3,6,8,9], ‘b’: [‘red’, ‘green’, ‘blue’, ‘white’, ‘black’]})
  3. >>> df2 = pd.DataFrame({‘a’: [0,2,4,5,7], ‘b’: [‘jun’, ‘jul’, ‘aug’, ‘sep’, ‘oct’]})
  4. >>> pd.concat([df1, df2], axis=0)
  5. a b
  6. 0 1 red
  7. 1 3 green
  8. 2 6 blue
  9. 3 8 white
  10. 4 9 black
  11. 0 0 jun
  12. 1 2 jul
  13. 2 4 aug
  14. 3 5 sep
  15. 4 7 oct

With axis=1 both DataFrames are put along each other:

  1. >>> pd.concat([df1, df2], axis=1)
  2. a b a b
  3. 0 1 red 0 jun
  4. 1 3 green 2 jul
  5. 2 6 blue 4 aug
  6. 3 8 white 5 sep
  7. 4 9 black 7 oct

Summary

Pandas borrowed the “axis” concept from NumPy library. The “axis” parameter does not have any influence on a Series object because it has only one axis. On the contrary, DataFrame API heavily relies on the parameter, because it’s a two-dimensional data structure, and many operations can be performed along different axes producing totally different results.