Nowadays, there are a lot of source code hosting services to choose from — all having their pros and cons. The challenge, however, is to pick the one that will fit your needs best because the price is not the only factor that should be considered.
In this article, we’ll take a look at the key features of the most popular source code hosting facilities to help you make a wise decision. But first let’s take a brief look at what source code hosting service is because, as we see, there are some confusion about this term.
What is a source-code Hosting Service?
In short, source code hosting services or simply source code managers (SCM) are the services for projects that use different version-control systems (VCS). The latter ones are also sometimes referred to as “version control tools”.
Basically, a VCS is software and, in general, its main task is to allow programmers to track the revisions of a code in course of software development. Such revisions may be shared among all the team members so everyone can see who made a particular change and when. The list of the most popular version control tools includes Git, Mercurial, and Subversion.
At the same time, a source code manager is not software, it’s service. To put it more simply, it’s a space to upload copies of source code repositories (i.e. storage location for one project). Unlike version control systems which are just command lines, source code hosting service provides a graphical interface.
Without a source code manager, the work on a software development project would be difficult if possible at all.
The choice of SCM is not accidental. Because if you ever ask someone what is a source code hosting service, Github will probably be the first thing they’ll start talking about. And it’s no wonder: it is ranked No.38, according to the Moz’s list of the top 500 websites.
Here are the key benefits of GitHub:
- free for open-source projects
- contains wiki, a platform for sharing hosting documentation
- has an integrated issues tracking system
- makes it possible to receive and issue contributions to projects
- has a well-developed help section with guides and articles
- has gists, a service for turning files into git repositories
- has GitHub pages that host static websites
- allows for convenient code review (in-context comments, review requests etc.)
- has embedded project management features (task boards, milestones etc.)
- offers team management tools (integration with Asana)
The above list contains only the most essential advantages of GitHub for you to understand why this source code hosting service is so popular among programmers. Yet, there is a risk that the great era of GitHub will soon come to its end. In October 2018, it was acquired by Microsoft and this raised some concerns among developers. But we’ll see.
- free – for open-source projects
- $7 per month – for individual developers
- $9 per user/month – for teams
- $21 per user/month – for businesses (either business cloud or installed on a server)
GitLab is also one of the handiest source code hosting services. As of today, it has fewer users than GitHub but does its best to conquer developers’ hearts. If you’ve ever used each of these host platforms for code repositories, you might have noticed that GitLab looks and feels like GitHub in many aspects. Yet, it also has some features the latter is lacking, so we may not say that GitLab significantly lags behind it in terms of functionality.
Speaking about main GitLab advantages, they are the following:
- an open-source software
- can be installed on your server
- contains wiki and issue tracking functionality
- has a user-friendly interface
- has integrated CI/CD
- comes with a deployment platform (Kubernetes)
- allows for exporting projects to other systems
- convenient for Scrum teams since it provides burndown charts as a part of milestones and allows teams to manage issues using Agile practices
- has time-tracking features
It’s worth mentioning that GitLab also offers a convenient and easy migration from GitHub. So if you’re among those who feel uncomfortable about Microsoft’s acquisition of GitHub, GitLab would be the best option for you.
- Free – for open-source projects, private projects
- $4 per user/month – Bronze plan
- $19 per user/month – Silver plan
- $99 per user/month – Gold plan
BitBucket is also a widely-used source code management tool and it’s a common second choice of many programmers (after GitHub). There are currently two versions of BitBucket: a cloud version hosted by Atlassian and a server version.
The main benefits of BitBucket are:
- free private source code repositories (up to 5 users)
- supports both Git and Mercurial (unlike GitHub and GitLab that can host only Git projects)
- integrates with Jira and other popular Atlassian tools
- allows for convenient code review (inline comments, pull requests)
- advanced semantic search
- supports Git Large File Storage (LFS)
- has integrated CI/CD, wikis and issue tracking (only cloud versions)
- offers team management tools (embedded Trello boards)
On top of this, BitBucket allows for external authentication with Facebook, Google and Twitter which makes this source code hosting service even more convenient for developers. It’s not as similar to GitHub as GitLab, but you can also easily migrate from GitHub to BitBucket.
- Free – for small teams (up to 5 users)
- $2 per user/month – for growing teams (starts at $10)
- $5 per user/month – for large teams (starts at $25)
SourceForge is one of the most well-known free host platforms for code repositories. It works only for open-source software development projects, but we could not ignore it in this article because SourceForge was of the first tools of this kind. Actually, before GitHub was even “born”, SourceForge already topped the market.
Why you may want to choose SourceForge for your project? Well, here are its main strengths:
- free for open-source projects
- supports Git, Mercurial, and Subversion
- offers the issue tracking functionality
- offers an easy download of project packages
- allows for hosting of both — static and dynamic pages
- Has a huge directory of open-source projects
- does not restrict the number of individual projects
The main downside of SourceForge is that it’s not very flexible and can be used only for open-source projects. So when it comes to the private app or web development, this source code manager is usually not even on the list.
Prices: the service is Free.
In this source code management tools comparison, we outlined most widely used or promising services. Of course, there are a lot of other similar solutions which you may also consider for your app or web development project. But if you don’t have time for deep research, as professional software developers, we may recommend Github or Gitlab vs Git. These platforms are considered the best code hosting services since they are quite versatile and can satisfy a wide range of programming needs.
You spend a lot of time on social media, don’t you? Don’t worry, most of us do. And if you are like us, you have probably been at least a little bit curious about who is actually looking at your profile the most. Maybe a former friend or someone you like is secretly lurking your profile? Well now there is a mobile app that can show you your top profile views.
Check out the mobile app Social Network Analyzer.
Social Network Analyzer was created by Bilal Raad. This innovative app retrieves a full list of your social network profiles – like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. Then it goes on to work analyzing your top interactions like comments, likes, and chats – it even goes as far as showing you your profile views. In order to find out who views your profile you have to interpret the list a little bit. But don’t worry, it is easy. All you have to do is exclude the people that you normally interact with, the rest will be your viewers. There is a free version and a paid version. Check out the free version first and try it out, if you like what you see you will have the option to switch to the paid version. The free version shows you a part of the list but for a complete list you will have to purchase the full version. If you do not want to pay, there are still bonuses that allow you to unlock the top spots. All you have to do is share Social Network Analyzer on your Twitter or Facebook profile.
Ready to find out who is secretly viewing your social media profiles? Go download Social Network Analyzer. The app is currently available on iOS and Android devices. Head to your app store and search for “Social Network Analyzer” to download it today.
4 Apps Like Social Network Analyzer
- InstaGhost is a great application which lets everyone to get noticed with the interactive users who have just stopped posting anymore and who is fed up with using Instagram.
- Crowdfire is an all in one solution for managing your social media concerns under one platform.
- Wish to get a huge number of Likes on Instagram? Need to be well known like VIPs like Kim Kardashian, Dan Bilzerian, and others? Utilize a final application – Get Likes for Instagram.
- SocialViewer for Instagram is another intuitive app for Instagram users which enables its users to calculate all their account activity and access data for each user who is interested with your profile freshly.
Meet Free Social Network Analysis Tools
Socilab is an online tool that lets you visualize and analyze LinkedIn network using methods derived from social-scientific research. It displays a number of network measures drawn from sociological research on professional networks, and percentile bars comparing your aggregate network measures to past users. Also, there is a messaging feature that allows you to type and send a message to the selected LinkedIn contacts.
JUNG stands for Java Universal Network/Graph Framework. This Java application provides an extendible language for the analysis, modeling and visualization of data that could be represented as a graph or network.JUNG supports numerous graph types (including hypergraphs) with any properties.
It enables customizable visualizations, and includes algorithms from graph theory, social network analysis and data mining. However, it is limited by the amount of memory allocated to Java.
Netlytic is a cloud-based text analyzer and social network visualizer that can automatically summarize large dataset of text and visualize social networks from conversations on social media sites like Twitter, YouTube, online forums, and blog comments. The tool is mainly developed for researchers to identify key and influential constituents, and discover how information flow in a network.
NodeXL is an open-source template for Microsoft Excel for network analysis and visualization. It allows you to enter a network edge list in a worksheet, click a button and visualize your graph, all in the familiar environment of the Excel window.
The tool supports extracting email, YouTube, Facebook. Twitter, WWW, and Flickr social network. You can easily manipulate and filter underlying data in spreadsheet format.
Many organizations utilize a range of open source products like code libraries, operating systems, applications, and software for some business requirements. It’s a widespread belief that using open source has many advantages like cost, speed, and flexibility; however, it can also have some pretty unique security challenges.
The fact that today open source components are used in more than 95% of commercial applications, how can a developer ensure that the software they use and their application is secure?
Why are Open-Source Components so Vulnerable to Security Risks?
The quick release cycles of open source projects can prove to be tough to stay abreast with. The positive aspects of these quick releases are the frequent rollout of new patches and features. However, checking each new version for potential vulnerabilities can prove to be a full-time job. By the time a developer is done with managing potential risks in one release, a new release is ready to roll out into the market. While having an automated system to perform these scans and checks will help, it’s far from a failsafe way to identify all potential flaws.
Open-Source Software (OSS) is often considered more secure than its counterparts thanks to the sizeable user-base testing the software, identifying bugs and potential DevOps security flaws. However, having more eyes searching for a potential problem is not always enough when trying to catch security issues. While most users may know enough to implement specific mainstream fixes, advanced topics like cryptography and similar require specialists to review code.
Dependencies in OSS projects allow certain vulnerabilities to slip under the scanner. Projects using little known third-party libraries sourced from package managers can pass on vulnerabilities that are difficult to spot. Some developers fix version ranges which ensures that future patches are made available. However, dependencies that are few projects removed can prove to be difficult to see and is, therefore, likely to be vulnerable to attack.
Best 6 Open Source Risks and How to Beat Them
Linux Kernel Netfilter: xt_TCPMSS
- Versions: Linux kernel before 4.11, and 4.9.x before 4.9.36
One of the reasons the previous year witnessed a large number of Linux vulnerabilities is because the Linux community is extremely active and combs through their projects regularly. This vulnerability has been included in the list instead of other Linux vulnerability because of popularity and extent of use of the vulnerable Linux versions.
netfilter: xt_TCPMSS is at the kernel level, and assists network communication filtration by determining the maximum size of the segment allowed when in the process of accepting TCP headers.
Malicious users can potentially exploit this flaw and execute a DOS attack. They can possibly send a flood of communications to knock the system offline. Given that this component is located on the system foundation, the adverse effects could be wide-ranging as well as destructive.
- Affected versions: All versions before 0.2.9
The month of May witnessed a security vulnerability in node-macaddress. Node-macaddress is the open source module tasked with retrieving MAC addresses in Linux, Windows, and OS X. The vulnerability made it public to command injection-based attacks.
The node-macaddress library allows users to locate MAC addresses per network interface. It also allows them to select an interface when a particular MAC address is used to identify the host system.
This library is quite popular and averages 563,699 downloads per week. According to an advisory by NPM, users need to update to versions 0.2.9 or later.
- Affected versions: 7.58, 8.x before 8.3.9, 8.4.x before 8.4.6, and 8.5.x before 8.5.1
- Affected versions: multiple subsystems of Drupal 7.x and 8.x
In March, many versions of the open source content management platform were vulnerable to attacks thanks to an input validation problem in Drupal core.
The Drupal admin team published a statement that let site admins know of a security release coming up during the following week. Administrators were asked set aside time for core updates as many exploits may develop in the coming hours and days.
Given that some Drupal admins were in the process of containing the chaos, a recent security vulnerability was reported in April. In this case, the Drupal security advisory warned of a new vulnerability – Remote Code Execution – in the Drupal core. The new vulnerability was related to CVE-2018-7600 and resulted from a fix that did not cover all the possibilities.
Security research published two months after the first incident found crypto jacking campaigns that were exploiting a large number of Drupal sites.
Spring Data Commons
- Affected versions: versions 1.13 to 1.13.10, 2.0 to 2.0.5, and older unsupported version
April witnessed two security vulnerabilities within the Spring Data Commons project.
CVE-2018-1273, the more critical of the two vulnerabilities allowed hackers to assume control over systems and execute unauthorized operations using a remote code execution.
CVE-2018-1274 though slightly less critical was a property path parser vulnerability. This was due to the allocation of unlimited resources. Unauthenticated, remote hackers were able to send out requests against endpoints via property path parsing or Spring Data REST endpoints to bring about a denial of service.
- Affected versions: through 2.19.1 before 2018-09-14
Users identified vulnerable versions of the Requests package that could leak sensitive information on acceptance of a specially designed HTTP header. This was occurring because the package in question was issuing an HTTP authorization to an HTTP URL when receiving a same-hostname https-to-HTTP redirect. This made it simpler for remote attackers to unearth credentials.
The Requests website mentions an average of 400k downloads every day. It also lists public organizations like Google, Nike, Spotify, Twitter, Microsoft, BuzzFeed, Amazon, Reddit, and Lyft among others.
You can read more about the fix on GitHub.
Apache Struts REST Plugin
- Affected versions: 2.1.1 – 188.8.131.52
A vulnerability in the Apache Struts REST plugin made headlines when it was published in April 2018. This was little over a year after the disclosure of the Struts 2 vulnerability Equifax had earlier ignored.
This particular flaw allowed attackers at a remote location to create a denial of service conditions. This was done by sending a specially crafted XML request via the XStream handler with the Struts REST plugin. This stopped the targeted software from functioning.
Open-source security vulnerabilities increased by 51% in 2017, and 2018 proved to have the same number of open-source flaws.
The open-source user community focuses on identifying and resolving security vulnerabilities; however, trends indicate that the number of published vulnerabilities will not be reducing. Thankfully, about 97% of reported vulnerabilities have a minimum of one suggested fix within the community.
Write by Gilad Maayan from agileseo.co.il