End-to-End Testing of Mobile Banking Apps

Banking apps are the real flag bearers for a reputable and respected bank because banking is a severe business. They must be carefully tested because mobile apps and online banking are the preferred touchpoints.

Numerous financial services, such as money transfers, user information, available funds, and credit card information, must be provided by banking apps. The program must therefore function without a hitch and be compatible with every operating system. Banking app testing is the only approach to guarantee complete security and performance.

Due to their ability to support several tiered workflows and extensive feature sets, banking apps have a complicated structure. Additionally, these apps’ data protection levels should be immaculate because they deal with sensitive data, such as users’ financial and personal information. Since a lack of test coverage can result in data breaches, money losses, financial fraud, and other crimes, software testing for banking applications need to be built with the utmost precision.

Why do banks need continuous mobile banking app testing?

Banking applications are renowned for their intricate networks, substantial transaction volumes, multi-tiered functionality, and dependence on older systems. It is necessary to continuously monitor, evaluate, and optimize the application due to the intricate network of systems, apps, and players. Mobile banking applications now integrate with the core banking systems and occasionally with third-party applications in the era of Open Banking and the digital eco-system.

  • Bug-free banking applications: 

Testing the mobile banking application provides the development team with a proactive means of tracking, foreseeing, and managing performance and security problems. The company’s reputation suffers greatly when a product is released with several bugs. Banks must use a continuous testing plan to prevent performance issues.

  • Enhancing user experience: 

The younger, more tech-savvy generation is driving a significant increase in mobile banking usage. Your mobile banking software must be well-tested to win customers’ trust and loyalty. Applications with bugs are poorly tolerated by Gen Z, who also demand streamlined services across all touchpoints. Their app reviews are also very important for the popularity and overall branding of the app.

  • Maintaining speed and quality:

Delivering high-quality applications quickly is necessary for the competitive climate. Banks find it challenging to conduct rigorous testing since their internal quality assurance (QA) staff are overburdened. By conducting thorough due research, a QA partner can assist you in navigating the market. Additionally, several automated tools help QA teams do tests quickly without sacrificing quality.  

  • Conformity with laws and safety standards:

Protecting user information is a top responsibility for banks because they work with sensitive data. Software with flaws puts users’ data at risk and leaves them open to attacks from nefarious actors. Developers and testers should conform their security protocols to national and international security rules and regulations since new features are often implemented.


The client decides to introduce a mobile banking software that will allow users to make payments and manage their money while on the road to draw in new consumers and enhance the experience of existing ones.

The testing crew faced many obstacles as a result of this ambitious undertaking. The bank decided to create an application for the two most widely used platforms to reach a bigger audience, and it required mobile app testing services. A thorough testing process was required because the program has to work with the widely fragmented mobile operating systems (iOS 9.3.5 and above; Android 4.0.1 and above). Additionally, Android is supported by various manufacturers’ various devices, many of which have novel characteristics that need to be considered.

The program lets users behave as though they were at a bank branch to establish a favorable user experience. As a result, the software must have intricate functionality and respond quickly to shifting circumstances. The system’s risk-prone features and locations must be tested promptly and precisely.


For the application to function correctly, the smartphones must be running Android 4.0.1 or iOS 9.3.5 at the very least. The testing team decided to test the devices (over 20) that bank clients use most to address the fragmentation challenge and ensure adequate device coverage. This method assisted in meeting the needs of the great majority of consumers and quickly resolving any problems.

The project’s implementation needed tight cooperation between the testers from ScienceSoft and those from the bank. The program should be highly responsive and complicated, so standard functional testing was out of the question. The testing group instead used contemporary Agile testing techniques, like Beta testing for each stable release candidate.

Agile testing was entirely transparent for the customer because the test scenario was developed in response to insightful feedback from staff members of various bank departments. Before the software was released, headspin and the customer’s staff examined it via beta testing, which gave them time to review the product thoroughly.

The mobile testing team at ScienceSoft maintained the necessity to keep the app’s top rankings on the regional market for mobile banking apps in mind when doing regression tests. The testing team created an 89-test regression testing scenario in collaboration with the customer. This scenario facilitates rapid and flawless software updates while reducing testing time.

Essential Steps to Boost the Results of the Banking Application Test

  • Frequently test the applications in the banking area.
  • Take charge of and take part in all testing team tasks, including gathering requirements, reviewing them, and creating a testing scenario
  • Encourage participation from actual users to obtain the most accurate findings.
  • Make use of both human and automated testing
  • Since emulators cannot wholly replace testing on real mobile devices, use genuine devices instead.
  • Gather suggestions to enhance the functionality of your app.


There is little doubt that mobile banking applications will be the secret weapon for the future of digital banking in the ‘Apps for everything’ age. While evangelizing and developing cutting-edge mobile apps, the human experience would matter more than the client experience. The future will be defined by a rapid and comprehensive analysis of the quality of mobile applications employing the best testing techniques and automation expertise.

Traditional QA approaches need to be reconsidered with adaptable quality engineering practices to portray mobile banking quality in its best state for a seamless experience. HeadSpin is an excellent platform to test banking applications and is highly recommended for testing such apps.

How to Write Email Validation Test Cases

Are you struggling with writing email validation test cases? It’s time to show those pesky typos who’s boss. In this blog, I’ll provide tips and tricks on how to write effective email validation test cases. Get ready to take your email testing game up a notch!


Email validation tests are designed to ensure that an email address is correctly entered and formatted correctly. These tests are used to verify whether an email address will pass validation checks, such as checking for the correct syntax and domains, making sure that the email is properly formatted, and checking for unwanted characters.

Email validation tests are important because they help improve the accuracy of your data entries and provide a higher level of security for sensitive data, such as passwords or credit card details.

Writing effective test cases for email validation can be challenging but rewarding when done correctly; it requires a thorough understanding of the data being tested. In this guide, we will discuss various key elements of writing effective test cases for validating emails including:

  • Determining the type of tests needed;
  • Developing steps to execute the necessary test activities;
  • Creating data-driven pre-condition rules and post-condition assertions;
  • Using built-in assertion methods to validate emails;
  • Creating mock emails to use in testing scenarios; and
  • Finally reporting on results.

By following these guidelines you should be able to quickly create meaningful test cases that can aid in verifying your application’s email validation process.

Understanding Email Validation

Email validation is a process of verifying that an email address exists and is valid, whether it is in a web form or as part of user account creation. It allows businesses, online services and websites to ensure that the information they receive from their customers is valid.

Email validation tests need to be written carefully to make sure that only valid emails pass your test cases. To start, it’s important to understand the anatomy of an email address—which includes the username, @-sign, domain name, dot (.), and top-level domain (TLD). First and foremost, any email validation test must check for these five pieces of information in order to validate if an email address is indeed valid or not. Additionally, special characters like dashes (-) or underscores (_) should also be accounted for in the username within your test cases.

The other aspect of email validation tests is to verify:

  • if a particular domain name exists;
  • if a typical format such as x@y.z has been followed; and
  • if the username entered does not contain invalid characters such as apostrophes (‘).

The most comprehensive way for companies to do this kind of validation is by querying an SMTP server to check whether the given user actually exists at the specified domain—that would mean that it’s more likely for you receive communications from them since their account does exist on a mail server.

Finally, it’s important for companies to be aware of any internationalization issues when writing their email validation tests. Foreign users may sometimes use different character sets like Cyrillic or Greek instead of Latin ones found in English characters—companies must consider those scenarios while developing their own tests so they do not accidentally filter out valid emails written with those character sets.

Types of Email Validation

When it comes to testing email validation within software applications, there are certain types of tests that should be conducted. These test cases are designed to verify that the email address provided is valid, and whether or not it meets the criteria laid out by standards and/or regulations. Below are common types of email validation tests that can be done.

  • General Format: One of the basic email validation checks is to verify if the address provided contains a valid syntax or format. Tests should include making sure an @ symbol is present, along with other characters such as periods, hyphens and underscores in the address fields. All emails should also follow specific length parameters as set by internet standards and other applicable regulations.
  • Domain-Specific Validation: Domain-specific validation involves testing the domain name portion of an email address to see whether or not it can accept incoming emails from other servers. This test helps to assess a domain’s capability to receive messages sent from outside sources and will tend to target certain character strings in the domain portion of an address.
  • Syntactical Validity Test: A syntactical validity test checks characters like periods, hyphens and even spaces within each portion of an email’s format (local-part/domain part) for accuracy. This type of check helps detect any typing errors that may have been made while entering in a personal email address. It also tests validity against organizational conventions like maximum character limits per section (e.g., username@companyname(maxlength).com).
  • DNS Validity Test: Often called “MX record” testing, this type of check evaluates whether or not a domain name listed on an email exists on a public DNS registry. It determines whether or not individual domains exist online when classified against top-level domains (TLD) such as .org, .net, etc., and second-level domains (SLD) like google mail (GMail). Results gleaned from these checks help validate an entry field’s ability to receive emails from external sources successfully.

Writing Test Cases for Email Validation

Creating test cases for email validation is a vital part of validating input in forms and ensuring that the system is not vulnerable to attack. While there are many methods to do this, the following guidelines should help you create complete test cases that cover all aspects of email validation.

First and foremost, it is important to understand the rules of validating an email address. For example, an email address must have at least one @ symbol and at least one full stop (or period) after the @ symbol has been used. The domain name must also be included after the full stop, as well as a two-character top level domain such as .com or .net.

Once these rules have been understood a comprehensive set of test cases can be developed. These should include boundary value tests that check addresses with each rule set (that is, tests which include no @ symbol or no full stop). In addition, random inputs such as invalid characters and strings should be tested to determine how resilient software or websites are when validating emails.

Lastly, on-demand parameters can be tested for additional resilience with some software allowing users to enter up to five different email addresses with various input methods being used regarding special characters (such as: , _ etc.). It’s always beneficial to provide a list of valid inputs such as those outlined in RFC 5322 and validate them against user input within forms or profiles on websites. This can help reduce common errors arising from incorrect use of syntax.

Designing Test Scenarios for Email Validation

Designing test scenarios for email validation is an important part of developing quality software. In order for tests to adequately cover valid input and reject invalid input, the test designer should consider various aspects of email address syntax. This may include:

  • Formatting: verifying that all email addresses comply with accepted formats and are syntactically correct.
  • Presence of certain characters: ensuring certain characters (e.g. “@”, “.”) are present in the right places, with extra characters correctly rejected;
  • Length: verifying that no restriction was applied to the maximum length of an email address.
  • Domain type: ensuring domain type (e.g. .com) is supported.
  • Automatic name resolution: checking if a name resolution was done automatically or not.
  • Completness of subdomain name elements: verifying that all subdomain name elements (such as lhs, mhs) were included.
  • Country code top level domains (CCTLD): verifying if country code domains such as .ca, .de are accurately processed and validating their codes/symbology complexities.
  • Validity of emails at server side : checking if there is validity checks at the server side too which will require us sending raw emails strings to the server via API calls & then validate responses from it.

Additionally, during testing, attention should be paid to input cases related to internationalization such as national character support or using alpha-2 country codes instead of names – since these can vary from one language/country region to another. As each scenario is designed and tested, so measures can be taken to ensure its robustness and data integrity regarding email validation processes throughout a system implementation life cycle.

Testing Email Validation

Email validation is an important process for website validation and general software testing. While basic email syntax is usually straightforward enough to implement, more complex rules such as maximum character lengths, bans on certain TLD (top level domain) names, or different verification methods for certain countries can make it more challenging to handle properly.

It’s important to make sure any email selection processes within the application have adequate test coverage. There are a few areas that should be covered when writing email validation test cases:

  • Formatting: Verify that the email address contains all of the components required by RFCs 822 and 853 (for example local part, @ sign, domain name).
  • Length: Test that any maximum length restrictions are enforced appropriately. This includes the local part being under 64 characters long, and the entire address being no longer than 254 characters long.
  • Banned domains: Ensure that domains which have been banned from certain functions are correctly rejected (e.g., will not accept .ru or .co domains < both banned in some applications).
  • Disallowed characters: Validate that addresses can only contain alphanumeric characters, hyphens and periods in appropriate places only. Spaces or other special characters check should be undertaken if they would normally be accepted by the system but then rejected elsewhere within the application.
  • Verification method by country of origin: Test different email verification methods depending on where the user is signing up from – some countries may require SMS verification as well as standard confirmation emails sent out upon registration purposes.

Common Pitfalls in Email Validation Testing

Email validation testing is an important part of ensuring that an application or system can process emails correctly. To ensure accuracy and reliability, it is important to be aware of the common pitfalls associated with email validation testing.

First, it is essential that testers have a complete understanding of what constitutes a valid email address. Email addresses are made up of two parts: the user name (before the @ symbol) and the domain name (after the @ symbol). Common formatting errors that lead to email addresses being rejected include:

  • Incomplete strings
  • Invalid characters
  • Invalid domain names
  • Incorrect ordering of characters
  • Duplicate information
  • Keyed-in typos which can all result in emails not being processed properly.

Second, attention must also be paid to edge cases such as internationalized email addresses with different character sets and alternate top-level domains such as .club or .net which are becoming increasingly popular. Depending on how your software handles them, test cases should incorporate both domestic and international domains to ensure maximum compatibility.

Finally, you should also be aware of any additional logic built into your system such as auto-completion or blacklisted words/phrases; these features may also need to be tested for accuracy and reliability. By taking these common pitfalls into consideration during your test planning process you can save yourself time and energy when making sure that emails are validated successfully within your software or application.


In conclusion, email validation is an important part of any software development project as it ensures that any given email address is authentic. Writing effective test cases for email validation requires thorough testing strategies, coverage of all the scenarios and secure data input.

From simply ensuring that the user input is of a valid length to checks for illegal characters, testing should be across multiple combinations of test data. In addition, proper documentation should always be in place so that all the scenarios and assumptions can be mapped out and agreed upon by all involved parties.

By following these guidelines in your own project, you will ensure that your email validation process is secure and reliable.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What is Email Validation?
A1. Email Validation is a process that ensures an email address is valid and exists. It also checks if the domain name of the email address is valid and active.

Q2. What is the purpose of Email Validation Test Cases?
A2. Email Validation Test Cases are used to test the accuracy of an email address. It checks if the email address is valid and if the domain name is active.

Q3. What are some important email validation test cases?
A3. Important email validation test cases include checking the format of the email address, making sure the domain name is valid and active, and checking if the email address is already in use.

End-To-End Testing your Software Product’s Flow

In many cases the primary cause of software StartUp failure tends to be poor quality assurance during the development process, this is where end-to-end testing can be used. End-to-end testing is one of the ways to prevent the release of poor-quality software. Simply defined, end-to-end testing is a testing mechanism used to assess whether there are any interruptions in the flow of your software product. It is a comprehensive testing format measuring the product-user interaction from the start to the end. 

These tests are useful if you want to determine the functionality of an application before providing your customers access to the application. If you haven’t attempted end-to-end testing before, this article is your beginner’s guide.

Why is end-to-end testing required?

In today’s rapidly evolving world, technology plays a major role in almost every sector. Every technological application is an interconnected system of multiple parts which work together as a unified whole outside the application’s environment. This makes the flow of an application complex and thus, needs to be monitored for any possible defects.

End-to-end testing is a process that examines your database as well as the back-end layer within your software product. The prime functions of an application rely on both the database and the back-end layer. By assessing them, end-to-end tests help to determine whether the software is carrying out all essential functions.

If you wish to test an application in different parts of its lifecycle, end-to-end tests offer the ability to do so. You can execute repetitive tests and examine all aspects of your application. This enables owners to increase the coverage of tests and run a successful application.

With the emergence of so many Cloud deployment services and PaaS providers, end-to-end tests have become very useful for testing software products deployed in a cloud environment. Testing allows managers to provide an experience to users which is uniform across any device and/or platform.

Steps involved in an end-to-end test

Every end-to-end test relies on the following components:

  • Go over the needs of the test thoroughly prior to setting it up
  • Organize the testing environment according to the protocol
  • Assess the requirements of your software product
  • Examine all processes within your system and its components and determine their requirements
  • Outline the responsibilities of all systems
  • Describe the testing techniques that you will follow in addition to the testing standards and guidelines that you intend to follow
  • Outline the requirements for developing test cases and mention what tracking methods are in use
  • Record the input and output information pertaining to each system

Categories of an end-to-end test

To make our understanding easier, end-to-end tests can be categorized into three types:

Functions of a user

In this section of the test, you can determine whether the user is able to perform all functions in the software smoothly. Mention the features of the software and its interconnected systems. Monitor all actions performed and keep track of the input and output information. Assess if there is any relation between the functions performed by the user. Determine the nature of these functions and whether they can be used again.

Conditions influenced by functions of a user

Building conditions need to be set up in a manner that easily helps you detect errors in flow. It is best to develop conditions for every user function. Include conditions that test factors such as time, sequence, etc.

Developing test cases

Developing the test cases is the next stage in setting up an end-to-end test. Build the test cases using testing parameters available to you. For each scenario and user function, set up more than one test. Also, mention every condition as an independent test case.

It’s awesome!

Metrics to measure the success of an end-to-end test

The best way to ensure that your testing process will be effective is to utilize testing metrics. Here are four important metrics that help indicate test success:

  • Defect information: You will receive a report that indicates the number of defects that were opened or closed every week. Monitor this information and assess whether each defect was severe or not.
  • Status of test case preparation: Tracking what stage of test case preparation you are in is essential for mapping progress. Use a graph to measure the progress of your test cases in comparison to the number of tests that you originally planned.
  • Test environment availability: This metric is used to track two factors. You will be tracking the total time scheduled for implementing tests in the testing environment each day. You will also measure the amount of time that has been actually spent in performing tests in the same environment. 
  • Progress of the weekly test: This metric assesses the progress of the tests that are being completed on a weekly basis. You will be comparing tests that have passed, failed, been completed, and not completed yet using this metric.


Before conducting end-to-end testing it is important to outline what it is you want to test and the metrics you are going to use to measure the software’s success. These tests are extremely useful when trying to deliver a top-quality offering and should not be underestimated by any organization.

What is Jailbreaking and What is it Used for?

Anyone who owns an iPhone, iPad, or iPod Touch has heard this word at least once. And anyone who is interested in IT is probably familiar with this concept as well. However, as usual, not everyone who has heard the word knows its meaning, usually due to a lack of interest. 

What is jailbreaking?

Jailbreaking is the process of removing restrictions in iOS, and allowing root access to the file system so that it can run software that has not been approved by Apple. This process also opens up access to certain features that are not available on non-jailbroken devices. One of the main functions of jailbreak is the ability to modify iOS features, as well as customize the interface of the iPhone or iPad.

main functions of jailbreak is the ability to modify iOS features

Why do you need to jailbreak an iPhone or an iPad?

By jailbreaking, the user gets an additional Cydia application store, which contains the applications that are not available in the App Store or iTunes. Considering that jailbreak gives the possibility to modify iOS, it is Cydia that contains all those applications that help to customize the operating system according to the user’s taste. Also in Cydia there is a huge number of free applications, which are commercially available in the App Store. It’s worth noting that all the free programs from Cydia are just copies of licensed applications, which in most cases are paid.


  • Hidden features of Apple devices and access to the file system. Jailbreaking will allow users not only to take advantage of the hidden features of iOS, but also gain access to the file system, allowing them to control the operating system and modify the source code.
  • It also allows you to customize the interface and appearance of your device to suit your taste.
  • Jailbreak also opens up access to a number of Cydia apps and tweaks, which are not available or paid in the App Store or iTunes. 
  • Jailbreak gives you the ability to use your device as you see fit, and not as Apple intended it to be used.
  • If you want to learn how to hack a facebook account , then you can use a jailbroken iPhone to do so.


  • Deprivation of technical support from developers and Apple warranty. If it is necessary to repair the device, the user will have to get rid of the jailbreak, and if it is necessary to use the warranty, the service center will refuse to provide the service.
  • The increased risk of malicious software. Indeed, after jailbreak, the gate to the file system is open, which means that any malicious program can easily get to the user’s data.
  • Problems with iOS update. In a jailbroken device, not all new iOS updates can be installed, which can lead to problems with the operation of the device and its instability.
  • Reduced battery life. The iOS operating system is closed for a reason, as Apple developers are optimizing the level of load on the system hardware to balance battery power and maximize battery life.

Types of jailbreak

Jailbreak can be of two types: tethered and untethered.

  1. Tethered jailbreak is a jailbreak that requires the user to connect their device to a computer each time they reboot their device. This type of jailbreak is not very convenient, as it requires the user to have access to a computer every time they restart their device.
  2. Untethered jailbreak is a jailbreak that does not require the user to connect their device to a computer each time they reboot their device. This type of jailbreak is much more convenient, as it allows the user to restart their device without having to connect it to a computer.

How to jailbreak step-by-step guide

To jailbreak a user can use two methods with a computer or without a computer.

With a PC

To perform a jailbreak, the user needs to download the free software Pangu 9. Before you can start the jailbreaking process, you need to:

1. Make sure your device is running iOS 9 – 9.0.2. To do this, go to Settings -> General -> About and check the version number.

2. Connect your device to your computer using a USB cable and launch iTunes.

3. In iTunes, make a backup of your device by going to File -> Devices -> Back Up.

4. Download the Pangu 9 jailbreak tool from the official website and save it to your computer.

5. Double-click on the downloaded file to launch it.

6. Click “Start” to begin the jailbreaking process.

7. Once the jailbreak process is complete, your device will reboot and you will see the Cydia app on your home screen.

Without a PC

If you don’t have access to a computer, you can still jailbreak your device using the Pangu 9 tool. To do this, you need to:

1. Make sure your device is running iOS 9 – 9.0.2. To do this, go to Settings -> General -> About and check the version number.

2. Go to Safari and open the Pangu 9 website.

3. Tap on the “Download” button and select “Direct Download.”

4. Once the download is complete, tap on the downloaded file to launch it.

5. Tap “Start” to begin the jailbreaking process.

6. Once the jailbreak process is complete, your device will reboot and you will see the Cydia app on your home screen.

How to delete on iPhone or iPad

If for any reason you need to remove the jailbreak from your device, you can do so by restoring your device using iTunes. To do this, you need to:

1. Connect your device to your computer using a USB cable and launch iTunes.

2. Select your device in iTunes and click the “Restore” button.

3. Click “Restore and Update” to reinstall iOS and delete the jailbreak from your device.

What tweaks are worth jailbreaking

There are many different types of tweaks available for jailbroken devices, but not all of them are worth jailbreaking for. Some of the best tweaks that are worth jailbreaking for include:

• Activator – This tweak allows you to create custom shortcuts for various actions on your device.

• Alkaline – This tweak allows you to customize the look of your battery icons.

• Auxo 3 – This tweak allows you to customize the look and feel of your app switcher.

• Barrel – This tweak allows you to add various visual effects to your home screen.

• BioLockdown – This tweak allows you to secure your device with Touch ID.

• f.lux – This tweak adjusts the color temperature of your device’s display based on the time of day.

• iFile – This tweak allows you to browse and manage files on your device.

• Morpheus – This tweak allows you to animate your device’s home screen icons.

• WinterBoard – This tweak allows you to customize the look of your device with themes.


Jailbreaking provides many benefits to users, such as the ability to customize the look of their device, add features that are not available on stock devices, and increase the overall security of their device. However, there are also some disadvantages to jailbreaking, such as the potential for instability and decreased battery life. Overall, jailbreaking is a personal decision that should be based on your needs and preferences.

How to Write Email Validation Test Cases

This tutorial will show you how to create email validation test cases. Many applications will collect your email ID. You can purchase tickets, schedule an appointment, and book online on eCommerce sites. All testers should be able to create validation scenarios for email addresses.

The email field is where you send a message to someone. The subject usually includes the sender’s name and the receiver’s. This field can also be used to write other messages or images.

Before we can start our test case, it is important to establish the Acceptance Criteria

What is the Acceptance Criteria in email address validation cases?

We must have functional requirements, as we discussed in requirements post. Let’s define them.

Description: The user must be able enter their email id when they register their account.

Abbreviated Acceptance Criteria

What are the test cases for email address validation?

Positive Scenarios:

  1. Verify the input field accepts a valid email address. Some examples:
    1. example@email.com
    2. example.first.middle.lastname@email.com
    3. example@subdomain.email.com
    4. example+firstname+lastname@email.com
    5. example@
    6. example@[]
    7. “example”@email.com
    8. 0987654321@example.com
    9. example@email-one.com
    10. _______@email.com
    11. example@email.name
    12. example@email.museum
    13. example@email.co.jp
    14. example.firstname-lastname@email.com
    15. Valid Email Addresses that appear at glance to be invalid
    16. extremely.”odd\unusual”@example.com
    17. extremely.unusual.”@”.unusual.com@example.com
    18. very.”(),:;<>[]”.VERY.”very@\\ “very”.unusual@strange.email.example.com
  2. Verify email id can contain a dot in the address field.
  3. Verify email id can contain a dot in the subdomain field.
  4. Verify email id can contain a plus sign.
  5. Verify email id can contain an IP address in square bracket.
  6. Verify email id can contain quotes.
  7. Verify email id can contain digits.
  8. Verify email id can contain an underscore.
  9. Verify email id with a valid top-level domain name is valid.
  10. Verify top-level domain can contain a dot.
  11. Verify email id with a dash is considered valid.

Negative Scenarios:

As with all test scenarios, there do exist some negative scenarios you will want to verify. Namely:

  1. Verify an email id cannot exceed 254 characters.
  2. Verify the missing @ symbol in the email id field.
  3. Verify the missing domain in the email id field.
  4. Verify gibberish or garbage is not accepted in the email id text box.
  5. Verify the missing username in the email id field.
  6. Verify encoded HTML within the email id field is invalid.
  7. Verify leading dot in the email id text box is invalid.
  8. Verify trailing dot in the email id text box is invalid.
  9. Verify multiple dots in the email field.
  10. Verify unicode char in the address in the email text box.
  11. Verify invalid IP address format in the email text box.
  12. Verify multiple dots in the domain is invalid.
  13. Verify invalid email addresses like these:
    1. plaintext address
    2. @#@@##@%^%#$@#$@#.com
    3. @email.com
    4. John Doe <example@email.com>
    5. example.email.com
    6. example@example@email.com
    7. .example@email.com
    8. example.@email.com
    9. example…example@email.com
    10. おえあいう@example.com
    11. example@email.com (John Doe)
    12. example@email
    13. example@-email.com
    14. example@email.web
    15. example@111.222.333.44444
    16. example@email…com
    17. CAT…123@email.com
    18. ”(),:;<>[\]@email.com
    19. obviously”not”correct@email.com
    20. example\ is”especially”not\allowed@email.com

Test Diminishing Returns

Remember that testing has diminishing returns and developers should use a well-tested library or regex to test this functionality. These are just a few tests that people might want to run but they are not necessary.

  1. Too many symbols (@). must be verified
  2. Verify all domains at the top.
  3. Verify that there are no top-level domains.

As a tester, it’s important to discuss with the developer what the library code does and doesn’t do. This will help you target your testing efforts for testing email addresses.


What is the validation for email?

Email validation is a method to determine if an email address can be reached and is valid. It quickly detects typos and determines whether they are genuine errors or intentional misdirection. It checks whether an email address is associated to a trusted domain.

Test Cases For Search Functionality

The search function in the app enables users to search digital objects in the collection through simple search or advanced search.

A search function that searches your Web pages can be a great design strategy to help users find the content they are looking for. Searches for keywords or phrases can help users find content without having to navigate the site’s structure. This is a faster and easier way to locate content, especially on large sites.

How to test search functionality. Test Case:

  1. Verify the search field present and aligned.
  2. Verify place holder text added on search or not.
  3. Verify spelling and grammar should be correct for place holder text.
  4. Verify search icon is present on the field.
  5. Verify cursor should present on click on the search icon.
  6. Verify search is functional and generating the correct result for correct keywords or not by adding valid search.
  7. Verify if the user can paste the keyword with the mouse.
  8. Verify search working by adding keywords and on click on the search button.
  9. Verify search working by adding keywords and pressing the Enter key from the keyboard.
  10. Verify an error message display by entering invalid keywords in the search field and clicking the search button.
  11. Verify a loader added if take time to get the result.
  12. Verify an error message should display for blank input.
  13. Verify and observe how much time required for getting the search result.
  14. Verify pagination added in case if the search result goes on the number of pages.
  15. Verify pagination is accessible or not by clicking on the Next, Previous and number.
  16. Verify the search result generated by the search in the correct order as per requirement.
  17. Verify the max and min range for the search keyword.
  18. Verify auto suggestion shown on adding a keyword or not.
  19. Verify suggestions shown or not on adding a keyword to search.
  20. Verify related keywords added to the search result or not. It should be added.
  21. Verify if new items/tools added on the website, a keyword should also be for the website search. So, the user can access them.

Why do we use search function?

This ensures website visitors can find the information they are looking for faster and makes it easier to make a purchase. An online shop owner’s USP can be a strong search function, which helps him stand out among his competitors.

How do I add Google search functionality to my website?

Add custom search to your site:

  1. From the control panel, select the search engine you want to edit.
  2. Click Setup from the menu on the left and then click the Basics tab.
  3. Click Get code.
  4. Copy the code and paste it into your site’s HTML source code where you want your search engine to appear.

The Detailed guide is read here.

VWO: Reviews, Testimonials and Expert Opinions

All-in-One A/B Testing and Conversion Optimization Platform

VWO is the market-leading A/B testing tool that fast-growing companies use for experimentation & conversion rate optimization. Website.

VWO Overview

VWO Optimization Platform helps to improve key business metrics by empowering to easily discover insights, test ideas, and improve engagement across the entire customer journey. It helps to improve sales and revenue and acquire customers.

VMO enables to optimize the entire audience journey by optimizing both web and messaging experiences, uncovering blockages in the customer journey using VWO insights, gathering, and organizing the insights in the VWO plan, collaborating with the team to convert them into data-backed hypotheses and prioritizing and execute the optimization roadmap through VWO testing.

It helps to continuously improve KPIs including features like conversion growth by rapidly testing tons of new ideas, diagnosing problem areas in the visitors’ experiences, keeping the visitors engaged with automated marketing campaigns through web push notifications, and Facebook Messenger and many more.

10 Ways to Fix Android Connected to WiFi But No Internet

It is a common problem for Android devices to not be able to connect to the internet. Not so often, now in the Era of LTE and 5G. 

Even though your Android device is connected to the internet, it may prevent you from accessing certain features such as email and social media. We feel helpless if we don’t have internet access. The Internet is an integral part our lives. Even though we have a WiFi router, it is frustrating to not be able to connect. This is a common problem that can be easily fixed. We will show you how to fix this annoying problem in this article. There are several solutions that can be used to eliminate the annoying message “WiFi doesn’t have internet access”.

Fix Android Connected To WiFi But No Internet Access

Method 1 – Check if the Router has an Internet connection

This may sound absurd, but sometimes there is no internet. Your WiFi router is not connected to the internet. You can test if the problem is with your WiFi router by connecting to another device on the same network and seeing if you are able to access the internet. If you are unable to access the internet, it is likely that your router is responsible.

Method 2 – Turn off Mobile Data

Mobile data may cause interference to the Wi-Fi signal on certain occasions. This can prevent you from accessing the internet, even if you are connected to WiFi. Android will choose WiFi if there is an option for mobile data or WiFi. Some WiFi networks require that you log in to use them. You might find that the Android system does not recognize your connection as stable even after you log into.

Method 2: Turn off Mobile Data

On certain occasions, mobile data can cause interference with the Wi-Fi signal. This prevents you from using the internet even after being connected to the WiFi. When the option of WiFi or mobile data is present, Android automatically chooses WiFi. However, some WiFi networks require you to log in before you can use them. It is possible that even after you log in the Android system is unable to recognize it as a stable internet connection.

1. Go to settings.

2. Click on the System tab.

3. Now select the Date and Time option.

4. After that, simply toggle the switch on for automatic date and time settings.

Method 4: Forget WiFi and Connect Again

Another way to resolve this problem is to simply Forget WiFi and reconnect. This step would require you to re-enter the password for the WiFi, thus make sure that you have the correct password before clicking on the Forget WiFi option. This is an effective solution and often solves the problem. Forgetting and reconnecting to the network gives you a new IP route and this could actually fix the issue of no internet connectivity. To do this:

1. Drag down the drop-down menu from the notification panel on the top.

2. Now long-press the WiFi symbol to open to the list of WiFi networks.

3. Now simply tap on the name of the Wi-Fi that you are connected to.

4. Click on the ‘Forget’ option.

5. After that, simply tap on the same WiFi again and enter the password and click on connect.

And check if you’re able to fix Android Connected to WiFi but no Internet access issue. If not, then continue with the next method.

Method 5: Make sure that the Router is not blocking Traffic

There is a good chance that your router might be blocking your device from using the internet. It is preventing your phone from connecting to its network in order to access the internet. To make sure you need to visit the admin page of the router and check if your device’s MAC id is being blocked. Since every router has a different way of accessing its settings, it is better that you google your model and learn how to access the admin page.

1. Go to settings.

2. Click on the System tab.

3. Now select the Date and Time option.

4. After that, simply toggle the switch on for automatic date and time setting.

Method 4: Forget WiFi and Connect Again

Another way to resolve this problem is to simply Forget WiFi and reconnect. This step would require you to re-enter the password for the WiFi, thus make sure that you have the correct password before clicking on the Forget WiFi option. This is an effective solution and often solves the problem. Forgetting and reconnecting to the network gives you a new IP route and this could actually fix the issue of no internet connectivity. To do this:

1. Drag down the drop-down menu from the notification panel on the top.

2. Now long-press the WiFi symbol to open to the list of WiFi networks.

3. Now simply tap on the name of the Wi-Fi that you are connected to.

4. Click on the ‘Forget’ option.

5. After that, simply tap on the same WiFi again and enter the password and click on connect.

And check if you’re able to fix Android Connected to WiFi but no Internet access issue. If not, then continue with the next method.

Method 5: Make sure that the Router is not blocking Traffic

There is a good chance that your router might be blocking your device from using the internet. It is preventing your phone from connecting to its network in order to access the internet. To make sure you need to visit the admin page of the router and check if your device’s MAC id is being blocked. Since every router has a different way of accessing its settings, it is better that you google your model and learn how to access the admin page.

Method 7: Change Wireless Mode on Router

A WiFi router has different wireless modes. These modes correspond to the operating bandwidth. These are namely 802.11b or 802.11b/g or 802.11b/g/n. These different letters stand for different wireless standards. Now by default, the wireless mode is set to 802.11b/g/n. This works fine with most of the devices with the exception of some old devices. The wireless mode 802.11b/g/n is not compatible with these devices and might be the reason for the “No Internet Access” problem. In order to solve the problem simply:

1. Open the software for your Wi-Fi router.

2. Go to the Wireless settings and select the option for Wireless mode.

3. Now you will a drop-down menu, click on it, and from the list select 802.11b and then click on save.

4. Now restart the Wireless router and then try reconnecting your Android device.

5. If it still does not work you can also try changing the mode to 802.11g.

Method 8: Reboot Your Router

If the above methods fail to solve your problem then it is time for you to reboot your WiFi. You can do so by simply switching it off and then switching it on again. You can also do it via the admin page or software of your router if there is an option to reboot your WiFi.

Method 9: Update Your Router

I’ve just discovered reason / method 9: allow the router software to update.

Yesterday my mobile Wi-Fi started showing “No Internet access” in Android, while still working fine on my laptop. When I logged in to the router settings today, there was no sign of it blocking the phone, but on visiting the “Update” page I found the message “An update is available. This has already been downloaded and is ready to install.”

So I allowed it to install, and immediately had access again. I’m using the connection now, to send this.

Functional Testing: A Detailed Guide

It’s a kind of software testing used for verifying the functionality of the applications software application. Functional testing involves testing functions with values, estimating the output and comparing the actual output with expected values. Functional testing performed as blackbox testing which shows that a program or system functions as expected and that its functionality can be confirmed. Using this data we are verifying that the software is working properly and properly. Functional tests are also referred to as “blackbox tests” due to application specifications.

Introduction to Functional Testing

It must define what’s acceptable behaviour and what doesn’t. This is defined by functional requirements, specifications or requirements. The document describes the right to do it and allows users to determine if a program conforms with it. In addition, in some cases there may be business scenarios which require validation. Functional tests can therefore be performed using two popular techniques. As testers we need to understand each type of testing even if we don’t directly work with them everyday.


Depending on the situation and the author, different types of scenarios are considered as test scenarios. We have all seen how test cases are structured and tested. The entire book is in 4 parts; trying to make a whole test is difficult, time-consuming and expensive. Normally, the tests will find the maximum bug and eliminate the exception from upcoming tests. Therefore, it’s crucial that QA employ optimization techniques as a strategy for testing. Tell me the best example. Functional test case Example: Take HRMS-based web sites where employees log into the site and login using their id and password.

Functional testing automation

Is automated testing necessary? Automation reduces manual work, saves time, eliminates bugs and improves efficiency. Nevertheless, automation is impossible for every single thing. Tests can also be performed automatically, but users must create test scenarios to automate these tests to be performed correctly. The best way to automate tests is by identifying the right tests with the requisite software tools. Automating functional cases may cause problems, such as the number of tests is much more and is then withdrawn again (as needed) then there could be some difficulty in making a change.

Tell me the purpose of static testing?

Static tests help identify early errors. This reduces development time using static testing techniques. So tests are less expensive and more difficult to conduct. Static test is also used for developing productivity. Component Testing: Component testing is another form of software testing that tests the components individually and does NOT integrate with other components. Similarly component test can be referred to as blackbox testing. Component Testing also commonly called unit testing, program testing or module testing. Grey box testing: GreyBox testing defines itself as combining White Box and Black Box testing.

Explain the types of functional testing

Functional testing aims at testing component functionality. Functional tests are divided into a few areas. Below you can view our functional testing. Unit tests: A unit test is an example of a software test. It is the test for individual components of software. Unit Testing examines the different parts of applications by unit tests functional tests as well as functional tests, since unit tests ensure that the modules function properly. Developers test unit in software environment. Unit tests are performed in development stages on applications. Smoking tests: Functional tests using SMS tests.

What are the advantages of Functional Testing?

Functional tests have many advantages including: In a bank with funds transferred to a bank B. Bank B doesn’t receive the proper amount, fees apply, or the money is not converted to the correct currency, or incorrect transfers, or banks B doesn’t receive a notification of the receipt of the payments from banks. It’s crucial to solve those questions, which are prevented by functional testing.

What are functional testing tools?

Functional tests are done in a number of other ways than manual tests. It enables quicker test procedures and helps you obtain accurate results. It’s an important and high-quality method that was determined and specified prior to the development. Functional testing is performed using:

The goal of functional testing

Functional tests examine the entry functions, a necessary usable function for the user interface. Functional Tests displays the error messages for ease of navigation.

What to test in functional testing? Explain

Functional tests are generally aimed at evaluating a system’s functionality. There are six main types of testing: unit testing, integration testing, and functional testing. Unit testing focuses on the smallest parts of an application and checks if they work properly. Integration testing tests the connections between different components. Functional testing tests how a system or application meets the user’s needs by simulating use cases.

What are functional testing types?

Smoking tests

Smoke tests are performed on new builds provided by developers to test QA for functionality. This is considered a key type in functional tests. It should be a first test for any new construction. Smoke tests cover a specific function or component of a system’s function. The objective isn’t merely to do extensive testing, but to ensure that all critical systems functions are functioning properly. Generally, the build passes the Smoking Test and is considered to be stable. For a stable build, QA teams perform functional testing.

Regression testing

When a developer updates the functionality/feature, this can lead to unforeseen behavior. Regression testing is done in order to check whether an update breaks any functionalities. This tool is meant to identify bugs introduced accidentally into existing builds and keep previous bugs alive. Functional Testing Tools can be utilised to perform regression tests. Tell me what to understand by referring to an example of leaving systems.

Component testing

Create and analyze components and modules independently is called component testing. Generally, components are tested for their functions or usability but not restricted to just those components. A system is any component that takes input and produces output. In addition the module code web site screen and the system within the larger system can be included with such a system. Let us examine all components of component 1 together with an e-mail address.

Integration testing

Integration tests are carried out for analyzing components and comparing their functions. This tests the module which is working well individually and shows no errors if integrated. This type of function test is most commonly used in software development and is carried out automatically. Most developers build several different modules in one project. They carry out a comprehensive black and white box functional verification, called unit testing, on individual module assemblies.

Unit testing

Unit tests ensure the functionality to deliver the desired output. In unit tests, developers only look at the interface or the specifications. During the process, the code is tested separately before proceeding to a new section. Unit tests allow for the performance test of code using a code that is likely breaking. In functional studies without unit tests, the smell is possible.

How to use JavaScript in JSP

In this article, we will help all the Web Developers to get started with JavaScript and JavaServerPage.

Java Server page is often used at the development of server based applications. This server based application is no doubt very important in the modern webpage design and we also set standard security and validation process by JavaScript. So it is easy to say that JSP and JavaScript is interrelated with each other and thorough this way we can develop the page dynamically and process the pages. JavaScript is the Microsoft implementation of the ECMA 262 language specification. Java Script is a language that is full implementation with some enhancements that take advantage of capabilities of Microsoft Internet Explorer.

is an scripting language. This language us communicating with various dynamic scripting languages. is no doubt very popular to developers. We know that world is running with systems. This online based system directly interacts with sever and also checking different types of event processing which we use regularly. So at we have to know different event handling procedures of as well as the features of . As is popular language so let us check why it is more important? Now discussing

Features of JavaScript

Following are some important features of JavaScript:

  • JavaScript is a Scripting Language.
  • JavaScript is lightweight.
  • JavaScript can be inserted into HTML pages and also call from the HTML pages.
  • JavaScript inserted into HTML pages can be executed by all modern web browsers like IE, FF, and Opera etc.
  • Java Script model can work easily with Java Server Page application model.

Java Server Page Alert is used to put the validation on login page for the users. The example in this Article provides to create the validation on the login form using JavaScript method in JSP (Java Server Page). The Article demonstrates an elaborative example to create alert box in a JSP page. Now we create a JSP file with name “validation.jsp”. The validation message surrounds the code for User Login page that include the ‘LoginName’ and ‘Password’. If we use to apply the validation we make use of JavaScript method in validation.jsp to validate the LoginName and password. Now here we set submit button in Java Server Page to call a JavaScript’s function validlogin (). The function validlogin () is used to validate the username and password in JSP (Java Server Page). Now if the username and password field is not inserted by the user then this will display mistake message using “alert ()”. The function also ensures that the field username and password must not be blank otherwise it will display only the message “Welcome mrbool readers “.

Listing 1: Showing sample validation

function validLogin() // java script function is created
if(document.frm1.userName.value == "")
alert ( "Please enter mrbool Login Name." ); //java script message will be display
return false;
if (document.frm1.pass.value == "")
alert ( "Please Enter your secret password….." );
return false;
alert("Welcome mrbool readers" );
return true;
<form name="frm1" method="post" onsubmit="return validLogin();">
<table width="150px" border=0 style="background-color: H0080FF80;">
<tr><td colspan=2 align="center" style="font-weight:bold;font-size:20pt;" align="center"><b>B.C.E.I User Login Form.</b></td>
<tr><td colspan=2> </td>
<tr><td style="font-size:12pt;" align="center">Enter login Name:</td>
<td><input type="text" name="userName" value=""></td>
<tr><td style="font-size:12pt;" align="center">Enter Password:</td>
<td><input type="password" name="password" value=""></td>
<td><input type="submit" name="Submit" value="Login as B.C.E.I User’s"></td>

We have deliberated the allocation about JSP. JSP is scripting language as we know but at this point it should be remembered that in programming we need more than JSP. Assume that we have an (Hypertext markup language) form (Html form that contains only tags in this page no JSP code is present) having username text field, and password field. As this is login id page so much more security should be present here. Before submitting the page to web server, it should be validate HTML (Hypertext markup language) field data. These types of validation can be done on client side instead of directly on server side. It should be done on client side, because it is very fast than validation process. If user data is not of specified range of standard validation program then it should be shown as an error at client browser of the user. This form will not jump to action page (server) until it is fully validated.

Listing 2: Sample showing form validation

<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" language="java" %>
function validateForm()
      alert("User Name should not be blank..");
      return false;
    else if(document.frm.pwd.value=="")
      alert("Password should not be blank");
      return false;
<form name="frm" method="get" action="validity.jsp" onSubmit="return validateForm()">
<table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
    <td width="22%"> </td>
    <td width="78%"> </td>
    <td>Enter UserName </td>
    <td><input type="text" name="username" /></td>
    <td>Enter Password</td>
    <td><input type="text" name="pwd" /></td>
    <td> </td>
    <td><input type="submit" name="submit" value="Submit"></td>
    <td> </td>
    <td> </td>

When we submit this form to web server, first it will check and validate the form. At the onSubmit=”return validateForm()” event check validateForm() function in javascript, and if any field is blank then it will throw an error alert on browser. This submit is successful only when validateForm() function returns true. Then goes to next form validateInput.jsp of JSP page.

This is an example implemented here to develop JSP code with JavaScript program model. The model program is a database related program. Here we create a database program and setup deletion operation and through this deletion operation user can delete the data. After deletion a message will be displayed using java script alert process. This way we can also print alert message for updating and insertion process.

Some point should be remembered that when we wish to print the document then this java script code helps us to develop this operation.

Listing 3: Sample showing database driven operation

<%@ page language="java" import="java.lang.*" import="java.sql.*" %>
Connection con = null;
String url = "jdbc:mysql://";	//my sql server IP 
String db = "cei"; // this is the database name
String driver = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"; //this is the driver name
String userName ="subrata"; //this is mysql user name
String password="srimani"; // this is mysql password
String str=request.getParameter("r1");
String sname=request.getParameter("sname");
String roll=request.getParameter("roll");
int stuID=Integer.parseInt(code);
try {
con = DriverManager.getConnection(url+db,userName,password);
String sql = "delete from cei_student where roll= ?";
PreparedStatement stmt=null;
int del=stmt.executeUpdate();
if(del==0) { %>
<script language="javascript">
alert("Deletion successful");	//Java Script alert message
if(del==1) { %>
<script language="javascript">
alert("Deletion successful");
out.println("Data delete successfully from database…..");
catch(Exception e) {

JavaScript exception solver – it is a JavaScript error online tool that can be used to detect and fix JavaScript errors on the client-side.


It is clear as that the Java Server Page is working on most of the systems that are running through various security level procedure and this security is totally written in the phase of JavaScript model. This JavaScript model is compatible with Server Page program. We can set email check, numeric check, alphabet check in the program segment process. So JS is The Best Way to implement based program on the JSP platform.

Easily Remove Your Login Password From Windows 10

When you install Windows 10, it prompts you to set a password. However, skipping this step is common and many people choose not to do so.

Later, when you try to remove the password you will find it very difficult. However, if you prevent users from logging in every time they need to restart Windows or cancel the screensaver then they won’t even need a password!

Without any delay, let’s take a look at how to remove your Windows login password with the help of the step-by-step guide below.

Remove Login Password from Windows 10 using Control Panel

  1. Press Windows Key + R then type control and hit Enter to open Control Panel.

2. Make sure View by is set to Category then click on User Accounts.

3. Again click on User Accounts then click “Manage another account“.

4. Select the account for which you want to remove the password for.

5. On the next screen, click on the “Change password” link.

6. Enter your original password and then leave the new password field empty, click on the Change password button.

7. This will successfully remove the password from Windows 10.

How to Get Snapchat Streak Back after Losing It

Snapchat is one of the most popular social media apps in the market. Teenagers widely use it and young adults to chat, share photos, videos, put up stories, scroll through content, and much more.

The unique feature of Snapchat is its short-term content accessibility. This means that the messages, photos, and videos that are you are sending disappear in a short while or after opening them a couple of times. It is based on the concept of ‘lost’, memories, and content that disappear and can never be got back again. The app promotes the idea of spontaneity and encourages you to share any moment before it is gone forever instantly.

The app is designed in a special way that allows you to live record any moment or take a quick picture and share it with your friends at the very same moment. The recipient of this message can only view this message for a limited period of time after which it automatically gets deleted.

This is a whole new different excitement and joy, and this is what makes Snapchat so popular. Just like any other social media platform, Snapchat too rewards you for being more socially active. It does that by awarding you points called ‘Snapscore’. The higher your score, the more reason, and the chance for you to flex.

How to Get Snapchat Streak Back After Losing It

In this post, we’ll go over the basics of Snapchat Streak and how you can use it to vastly improve your Snapscore.

What is Snapchat Streak?

A Snapchat Streak is a fun way for demonstrating how popular you are. A streak starts when you and your friend continuously send each other snaps for 3 consecutive days. You will notice that a flame sign will appear next to the contact’s name along with a number indicating the number of days that this streak has been going on for. This number keeps increasing by one every day if you continue to maintain the streak. The rules for maintaining a Snapchat Streak is pretty simple; all that you need to do is send at least one snap a day to the other person. It is also required for your friend to reply with a snap on the very same day. Thus, if both parties send each other a snap anytime before 24 hours run out the streak continues, and the number goes up by one. Take note that chatting does not count as the snap. Nor can you send something from the memories or Snapchat Spectacles. Group messages, video calls, putting up a story are some of the other things that are not permissible to maintain your streak. It would help if you used the snap button to either send a photo or a video.

Snapchat streak requires effort from both parties involved. It won’t work if either of you forgets to send a snap. Snap streaks earn you a lot of points. The longer the streak, the more points you earn. This gives you the right to brag and flex about your popularity. While some people do it for the score, others to prove the strength of their friendship. Whatever may be the reason or motivation, Snap streaks are fun, and it hurts when you lose them for any unfortunate reason. Sometimes it because of your own negligence and sometimes it is because of some glitch or bug in the app itself. Due to this reason, we are going to tell you how to get back your Snap streak in case you ever lose it. Before that, let’s understand the meaning of various emojis associated with Snap streak and how it would help you not to miss your streak in the first place.

What is the meaning of the emojis next to Snap streak?

The first emoji that’s associated with Snap streak is the flame emoji. It appears after three consecutive days of exchanging snaps, and it also marks the beginning of a snap streak. Next to it is the number that indicates the duration of the streak in days. If you maintain a regular conversation with someone or share snaps regularly, you will also see a smiley face next to the contact. On completion of 100 days of the snap streak, Snapchat will put the 100 emoji next to the flame to congratulate you on your achievement.

Snapchat also has a very useful reminder system in place to help you maintain your snap streak. If it has been almost 24 hours since you last sent a snap, then an hourglass emoji will appear next to the contact name. When this sign shows up, make sure that you immediately send a snap. If the other person has also not sent a snap, make sure that you contact him/her and tell him/her to do the same.https://562f5c27f6114c3d60082017e82866cd.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-38/html/container.html

How can you lose your Snapchat Streak?

The most common reason is that you or your friend forgot to send a snap-on time. After all, we are humans and tend to make mistakes sometimes. We get caught up in work or have some other urgent business to attend to and forget to send a snap before the day ends. However, there is also a good chance that the fault wasn’t yours or your friend’s. Network connectivity problems, server unresponsive, message failing to deliver are some of the other reasons that can cause you to lose your snap streak. Snapchat isn’t a flawless app, and it is most certainly not free from bugs. It is possible that both the parties had sent a snap, but it got lost somewhere in transition due to some kind of fault in the servers of Snapchat. As a result, you lose your precious streak. Well, there is no need to panic as you can get back your snap streak in case of an error on the part of Snapchat itself.

How can you get back your Snap Streak?

If you lose your Snap streak for any reason, then don’t get disappointed just yet. There is a way to get back your streak. All that you need to do is contact team Snapchat and ask them for support. You need to request them to restore your Snap Streak. Follow these steps to get back your Snap Streak.

1. Go to Snapchat Support.

2. You will see a list of problems that appear before you. Click on the “My Snapstreaks disappeared” option.

3. This will open a form that you need to fill with information relevant to your account and to the lost snap streak.

4. Fill in the form with your account details (username, email, mobile number, device) and also details of your friend with whom you lost the streak.

5. The form will also ask you how you lost your streak and whether or not the hourglass emoji was displayed. If it did and you still forgot then the fault is yours and Snapchat would most likely not help you.

6. Finally, you can make your plea and request in the “What information should we know section”. If Snapchat is convinced by your explanation, then they would restore your Snapstreak.

However, this method works most a couple of times so please don’t make it a habit to forget sending snaps, losing your streak, and then contacting Snapchat for support. The best thing to do is not forget to send snaps in the first place.

How to Quote Someone on Discord

Discord is a chat platform that is used by gamers around the world. The users can easily interact with other users by creating servers within the platform. Discord offers amazing features like voice chat, video calling, and all kinds of formatting features that users can use for expressing themselves. Now, when it comes to quoting messages on the platform, some users feel frustrated by the fact that you cannot quote the message sent by a user on Discord. However, with recent updates, you can easily quote messages on Discord.

With the help of the quoting feature, you can easily reply to a particular message sent by a user during a chat. Unfortunately, many users on the platform do not know how to quote someone on Discord. Therefore, in this article, we will list down the methods that you can follow for easily quoting someone on discord.

How to Quote Someone on Discord

You can easily quote messages in Discord irrespective of you using the platform on your IOS, Android, or desktop. You can follow the same methods for IOS, Android, or desktop. In our situation, we are using mobile-Discord to explain how to quotes messages in Discord.

Method 1: Single-line Quoting 

You can use the single-line quoting method when you want to quote a text that takes up one single line. Therefore, if you want to quote a message where there are no line breaks or paragraphs, then you may use the single-line quoting method on Discord. Here is how to quote someone on Discord using the single-line quoting method.

1. Open Discord and head to the conversation where you want to quote a message.

2. Now, type > symbol and hit space once.

3. Finally, type your message after you hit the space bar. Here is how a single-line quote looks like.

Method 2: Multi-line Quoting

You can use the multi-line quoting method when you want to quote a message that takes up more than one line, such as a paragraph or a long text message with line breaks. You can easily type > in front of every new line or paragraph that you want to quote. However, typing > in front of every line or paragraph can be time-consuming if the quote is long. Therefore, here is how to quote messages in Discord by using a simple multi-line quoting method:

1. Open Discord and head to the conversation where you wish to quote the message.

2. Now, type >>> and hit the spacebar once.

3. After hitting the spacebar, start typing the message that you want to quote.

4. Finally, hit enter to send the message. This is how a multi-line quote looks like. Check the screenshot for reference.

If you wish to exit the quote, then the only way to exit the quote is by sending the message and starting a new one, or you can backspace >>> symbol to exit the multi-line quote.

However, the multi-line quote works slightly different on the desktop version of Discord as both ‘>’ and ‘>>>’ gives you a multi-line quote. Therefore to make a single line quote on the desktop version, all you have to do is press return and then make a backspace to return to normal text.

What is Void Document Oncontextmenu=null?

Have you ever encountered a situation where you want to copy an inspiring quote or inspect a particular element, but the right-click menu simply doesn’t work? This is where void document oncontextmenu=null works.

The internet world is growing at an exceptionally exponential rate, and many websites have great content. We sometimes want to save content for future use, but as soon as you try to right-click to save the content, you will see an error message stating “Sorry, this functionality has been disabled by the administrator.

The error usually means that the site administrator or owner has disabled right-click option to protect their content from plagiarism and from users who try to steal their work. Re-writing the content is a tedious task, but what other options do we have? If you need to copy only certain parts of the content, then you can use a few workarounds to copy from right click disabled websites.  One of the easiest ways that can be used is the void document oncontextmenu=null.

However, do not exploit these methods for unethical hacking purposes. Also, try to follow all the methods listed below, as what may work for one user might not work for another.

How to Enable Right Click on the Websites that have Disabled it

Webmasters often use JavaScript codes to disable right-click on their websites. You can disable the JavaScript altogether to access the right-click menu.

In Google Chrome

1. Click on the three vertical dots at the top right corner of your screen and choose the Settings option.

2. Find Privacy and Security and click on Site Settings.

3. Go to Content Settings and find JavaScript. Click on the toggle to disable it.

In Mozilla Firefox

Open a new tab, type ‘about: config’ in the address bar, and press Enter. Search for JavaScript in the search preference bar and press Enter. Double click on the ‘javascript.enabled’ option to turn its status to false from true.

The downside of the method is that most websites use JavaScript to function properly. Disabling it might stop some of the web page elements and, in some cases, the entire website, so you should use this function with caution. Once you disable the Javascript, reload the website and use the right-click function. Always enable the JavaScript back once you are finished with your work to make sure other websites function properly.

How to Change IMEI Number on iPhone?

Each time a user purchases a phone, they’re assigned with an IMEI number. This stands for ‘International Mobile Equipment Identity’. The IMEI is there to identify each phone uniquely. There is only one IMEI number on iPhones. The IMEI number becomes helpful to track the phone if a user loses it. This is why Apple tries to make it impossible to change the IMEI number of any iPhone.

When a phone’s IMEI is detected, there are not many ways to change it. There are a few things that people can do to change the IMEI number, but it is important to understand that there is no way to change the IMEI number of an iPhone permanently. It is only possible to change the IMEI number of an iPhone for a short period of time.

Learn How To Change IMEI Number On iPhone

Changing the IMEI number does not really offer too many benefits. Many risks come with attempting this. If the user changes the IMEI number of their iPhone to the same IMEI number as another phone, the phone will stop working. Moreover, there are also possible legal boundaries that one might cross once they change their IMEI number. Changing the IMEI number will also end the warranty of the iPhone. Hence, one should weigh the possible reasons against the problems when they are looking to change the IMEI number on the iPhone. 

To change the IMEI number in iPhones, one must first jailbreak their iPhone. The steps in the article are not possible to execute without jailbreaking your iPhone. Thus, it is important to learn how to jailbreak the iPhone. Once you do so, the following are the steps to change the IMEI number on an iPhone.

How To Change IMEI Number On iPhones

Method 1: 

1. First, you must determine the current IMEI number of your iPhone. This is a very simple process. The user needs to open the dialer of their iPhone and dial *#06#. Dialing this code will provide the user with the current IMEI number of their iPhones. 

2. After obtaining the IMEI number of your iPhone, you will now need to switch to your personal computer or laptop to proceed further

3. On your PC or Laptop, download a PC tool by the name of “Ziphone”. Download the PC tool

4. The next step is to open your iPhone in recovery mode. To do this, press the Home Button and the Power Button simultaneous. Keep pressing till the Apple Logo appears on the screen. Once this happens, immediately release the Home button. This will cause the iTunes logo will come on the screen with wire right beneath it. 

5. While in this mode, connect your iPhone to your personal computer.

6. On your computer, open the Ziphone folder and right-click while there. Select the option to “Start Command Prompt Here”.

7. In the Command Prompt window, type in “ZiPhone

8. After this, type “ziphone -u -i aIMEINumber” (Type in the new IMEI Number you want for your iPhone in place of “IMEI Number”)https://1fd33d86ad366987ed5600c2a27a0ba7.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-38/html/container.html

9. After typing this, wait for 3-4 minutes for ZiPhone to complete the process. Then, reboot your phone, and the process will be complete.

10. Dial *#06# in the dialer on your iPhone to check the new IMEI number of your phone.

This is one of the most popular methods to change the IMEI number in iPhones temporarily. But, once again, remember to jailbreak your iPhone if you want to ensure that the process with ZiPhone works perfectly.

There is also a less popular and less effective way to change the IMEI number on iPhone without jailbreaking the iPhone. The following are the steps to do it. 

Method #2

Note: This step requires you to Jailbreak your iPhone, proceed with caution. 

1. Follow steps number 4 and 5 from Method #1 to change the IMEI number in iPhones. It will allow you to open your iPhone in recovery mode. 

2. Download the ZiPhone GUI application tool on your personal computer. 

3. Open the ZiPhone GUI application on your computer.

4. Go To the Advanced Features Window on the application.

5. Find the option to “Fake IMEI” and click on this.

6. After this, put in whatever new IMEI number you want to input.

7. Tap on “Perform Action” to change the IMEI number on iPhone.


Method #2 does not require users to jailbreak their iPhones, but it is also less effective. So it is better to jailbreak your iPhone and then proceed with Method #1 to change IMEI number in iPhones. But it is important that users still realize that changing the IMEI number can cause several problems on their iPhones. These problems can lead to the phone working altogether or even leaving the iPhone vulnerable to data breaches. Sometimes, it is even illegal to do so. Thus, users should only look to change their IMEI number on iPhone after thinking about it considerably.

Fix ‘No internet, secured’ WiFi error

Keeping Windows OS update is always recommended, and we need to do it properly. However, sometimes Windows update files come with some issues in some programs. One of the most common problems that most users face is “No internet, secured” WiFi error. However, every problem comes with solutions & thankfully, we have the solution to this problem. This problem could be caused by the misconfiguration of the IP address. No matter reasons are what, we will guide you to the solution. This article will highlight some methods to fix No internet, the secured issue in Windows 10.

Fix ‘No internet, secured’ WiFi error

Make sure to create a restore point just in case something goes wrong.

Method – 1: Update Network Adapter Driver

If you are having this problem repeatedly on your screen, it could be a driver problem. Therefore, we will start by updating the driver of your network adapter. You need to browse the network adapter manufacturer’s website to download the latest driver, transfer it to your own device and install the latest driver. Now you can try to connect your internet, and hopefully, you will not see the “No internet, secured” WiFi error.’

If you’re still facing the above error then you need to update network adapter drivers manually:

1. Press Windows key + R and type devmgmt.msc and hit Enter to open device manager.

2. Expand Network adapters, then right-click on your Wi-Fi controller(for example Broadcom or Intel) and select Update Drivers.

3. On the Update Driver Software window, select “Browse my computer for driver software.

4. Now select “Let me pick from a list of available drivers on my computer.

5. Try to update drivers from the listed versions. 

Note: Select the latest drivers from the list and click Next.

6. Reboot your PC to apply changes.

Method – 2: Check All Hardware related to the Network

It is good first to check all network-related hardware of your device to ensure that there is no hardware problem to move further and implement settings and software-related solutions.

  • Check network connections and ensure all cords are properly connected.
  • Make sure that the Wi-Fi router is working properly and showing good signal.
  • Make sure that the wireless button is “ON” on your device.

Method – 3: Disable WiFi Sharing

If you are using Windows 10 operating system and it is recently updated and showing “No internet, secured” WiFi error, it could be router program which is conflicting the wireless driver. It means if you disable the WiFi sharing, it can fix this issue on your system.

1. Press Windows + R and type ncpa.cpl and hit Enter

2. Right-click on the wireless adapter properties and select Properties.

3. Scroll down and uncheck “Microsoft network adapter multiplexor protocol”. Also, make sure to uncheck any other item related to WiFi sharing.

4. Now you can try again to connect your internet or Wifi router. If the problem persists, you can try another method.

Method – 4: Modify the TCP/IPv4 Properties

Here comes another method to Fix “No internet, secured” WiFi error:

1. Press Windows + R and type ncpa.cpl and hit Enter

2. Right-click on the wireless adapter properties and select Properties.

3. Now double-click the Internet Protocol 4 (TCP/IPv4).

4. Make sure the following radio buttons are selected:

Obtain an IP address automatically
Obtain DNS server address automatically.

5. Now you need to click the Advanced button and navigate to the WINS tab.

6. Under the option of NetBIOS setting, you need to Enable NetBIOS over TCP/IP.

7. Finally, Click OK on all the open boxes to save changes.

Now try connecting your internet and check whether the problem is gone or not. If your problem is still not solved, don’t worry, as we have more ways to get it solved.

Method – 5: Change the property of your WiFi connection

1. Press Windows + R and type ncpa.cpl and hit Enter

2. Right-click on the wireless adapter properties and select Properties.

3. Now, in this Properties dialog box, ensure that the following options are checked:

  • Client for Microsoft networks
  • File and printer sharing for Microsoft networks
  • Link-layer topology discovery mapper I/O driver
  • Internet protocol version 4, or TCP/IPv4
  • Internet protocol version 6, or TCP/IPv6
  • Link-layer topology discovery responder
  • Reliable Multicast Protocol

4. If anyone option is unchecked, please check it, then click Apply followed by OK.

5. Reboot your PC to save changes and also restart your router.

Method – 6: Change the Power Management Properties

To Fix ‘No internet, secured’ WiFi error, you can also try changing power management properties. It would help if you unchecked the box of “turn off wireless network device and save power”.

1. Open Device Manager. Press Windows + R and type devmgmt.msc then hit Enter or press Win + X and choose Device Manager option from the list.

2. Expand the Network adapters entry.

3. Double-click on the wireless network device you have connected.

4. Navigate to the Power Management section.

5. Uncheck  “Allow the computer to turn off this device to save power“.

Method  – 7: Run Network Troubleshooter

1. Press Windows Key + I to open Settings then click on Update & Security.

2. From the left-hand menu, select Troubleshoot.

3. Under Troubleshoot, click on Internet Connections and then click Run the troubleshooter.

4. Follow further on-screen instructions to run the troubleshooter.

5. If the above didn’t fix the ‘No internet, secured’ WiFi error than from the Troubleshoot window, click on Network Adapter and then click on Run the troubleshooter.

5. Reboot your PC to save changes.

Method – 8: Reset Network Configuration

Many times users solve this problem by simply resetting their network configuration. This method is quite simple as you need to run some commands.

1. Open Command prompts with admin access or Windows PowerShell on your device. The user can perform this step by searching for ‘cmd’ or PowerShell and then press Enter.

2. Once command prompts open, run the below-given commands:

netsh winsock reset
netsh int ip reset
ipconfig /release
ipconfig /renew
ipconfig /flushdns

3. Again try to connect your system to the Internet and see if it resolves the issue.https://5c8e45ab8deea314dbbfa93d8334ecc6.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-38/html/container.html

Method – 9: Disable IPv6

1. Right-click on the WiFi icon on the system tray and then click on “Open Network and Sharing Center.

2. Now click on your current connection to open Settings.

Note: If you can’t connect to your network, then use an Ethernet cable to connect and then follow this step.

3. Click the Properties button in the window that just open.

4. Make sure to uncheck Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IP).

5. Click OK, then click Close. Reboot your PC to save changes.

Method 10 – Reinstall Network Adapter

1. Press Windows Key + R then type devmgmt.msc and hit Enter to open Device Manager.

2. Expand Network Adapters and find your network adapter name.

3. Make sure you note down the adapter name just in case something goes wrong.

4. Right-click on your network adapter and select Uninstall.

5. Restart your PC and Windows OS will automatically install the default drivers for the Network adapter.

6. If you cannot connect to your network, then it means the driver software isn’t automatically installed.

7. Now you need to visit your manufacturer’s website and download the driver from there.

9. Install the driver and reboot your PC to save changes.


Hopefully, all above-mentioned methods will help you to Fix ‘No internet, secured’ WiFi error. In case you guys still experience some issues, leave your comment, I will try to solve your technical problems. However, all these methods are workable and solved this issue for many Windows 10 operating users.

10+2 Superior Automated Testing Tools for Mobile Apps

A collection of the best Mobile test automation tools than you can use to test your Mobile Apps.

Testing Tools for Native or cross-platform applications

1. Appium


An open-source mobile test automation tool to test Android and iOS applications. It supports C#, Java, Ruby, and many other programming languages that belong to WebDriver library.

2. Selendroid


Being one of the leading test automation software, Selendroid tests the UI of Androids based hybrid and native applications and mobile web.

3. MonkeyTalk by Oracle


MonkeyTalk automates the functional testing of Android and iOS apps.

4. Bitbar Testing

-from $ 99 / month

It is one of the best platforms to test your iOS and Android devices that are having different screen resolutions, OS versions, and HW platforms.

5. Calabash


Calabash works efficiently with .NET, Ruby, Flex, Java and other programming languages.

6. SeeTest

-have trial

SeeTest Automation is a cross-platform solution. It allows to run the same scripts on different devices.

Android Automation Testing Tools:

1. Robotium


Again an open-source tool to test Android applications of all versions and sub-versions.

2. monkeyrunner


MonkeyRunner is specifically designed for the testing of devices and applications at the framework/functional level.

3. UI Automator


In order to test the user interface of an app, UI Automator creates functional Android UI test cases. It has been recently expanded by Google.

Automation iOS Testing Tools:

1. Frank


Frank allows to test only iOS applications and software. The open-source framework combines JSON and Cucumber.

2. KIF for iOS

-free, open-source

KIF stands for Keep It Functional. It is an open source framework developed for iOS mobile app UI testing. It utilizes the Accessibility APIs built into iOS in order to simulate real user interactions. Tests are written in Objective-C, which is already familiar to iOS developers, but not test teams. Apple’s switch to Swift makes its use of Objective-C a disadvantage going forward.

3. iOS Driver for iOS


iOS Driver utilizes Selenium and the WebDriver API for testing iOS mobile apps. Its default is to run on emulators, where execution is faster and scalable. The current version works with devices, but actually executes more slowly in that case. No app source code requires modification and no additional apps are loaded on the device under test. iOS Driver is designed to run as a Selenium grid node, which improves test speed as it enables parallel GUI testing.

At the moment, there appear to be many test framework solutions looking for problems, but that is to be expected as mobile app development and testing tools continue to be developed at a rapid pace. Every framework has its pros and cons, each of which should be weighted relative to the needs of the testing organization and the software products being delivered.


How to Find Over 200+ Beta Testers for Free

Beta testing: the rehearsal before showcasing your app to the world. The beta testing phase is a critical one in your app’s life cycle and you need to make the most of it. Finding beta testers is an integral part of this process. You need them to test your app in every possible way to make sure that you weed out all the hidden corner case bugs. But where can you find these beta users and how many of them would be willing to try out your app? We’ll tell you where you can find these users and, lucky for you, there are tons of early adopters out there who would love to try out your app — and for free!



First, how many beta testers do you need?


A very important question that depends on the size and scope of your application. This number largely depends on the number of features and demographic characteristics of the app and its users (Beta Testing Guide). To be on the safe side, you’ll need between 100-300 beta testers to make sure your users go through all the use cases necessary to ensure your app is clean.



Where can you find these beta testers?


We’ve done the hard work for you and compiled a list of sources — use them!

A great way to get feedback on your product is to put it in front of a bunch of people who have already expressed a desired interested in a specific domain. You can leverage various forums and social media as platforms for displaying your product. However, you need to remember you should be a part of their community or else you will be perceived as a spammer or even worse: an advertiser.



By far the biggest online grouping of tech enthusiasts in the Internet universe is Hacker News. If you’re looking for honest and brutal feedback, you won’t find a better place. This is where the smartest and most influential people in the tech world hang out, so it’s still definitely worth it because if you make it on HN, you’ve basically made it in life. Check out how to craft a successful HN post and don’t ever forget to follow the rules!



You may not think they have the most enjoyable user interface but they do have a passionate and extremely involved community. Just like HN, Reddit has its own dedicated community and usually welcomes those with karma with an open heart. The good thing about Reddit is that you’ll find a subreddit for literally EVERYTHING so make sure you target the right ones and make your post count. Check out our subreddit suggestions for startups and mobile apps and have a look at the Reddit rules while you’re at it:



You will be hard pressed to find a more engaging platform than Product Hunt with such a passionate following and community. The world’s best and brightest product managers and tech lovers constantly stay up to date with Product Hunt to get a feel of what is going on in the tech world. Making a splash on Product Hunt would bring you a vast number of users who would be eager to use your app.



Another great way to get your idea out there is sharing it on a beta directory to attract passionate techies and early adopters. The downside is that these users are more curious than loyal and probably won’t be sticking around for too long. Since they’ve signed up to receive all kinds of beta products, they end up not being the most engaged. You’ll still end up with a bunch of beta testers and your SEO will benefit from the links these directories will provide. Here’s a list of the best beta directories you’ll find to get your beta users:



If you’re confident in your product and you’re ready to get even more users, I encourage you to list your startup in any of the popular startup directories that publish frequent reviews on the hottest apps and startups. Tons of early adopters and tech lovers follow and subscribe to these sites, so you’re bound to attract their attention. The best products will always get significant traction and conversions. Here’s a list of the startup directories we think will help you get the most beta users:



Quora is one of those places with a fast-growing community that can have a very positive impact on your app’s success. The catch is that you’ll need to build up your own community by demonstrating expertise in a specific niche. Show your genuine care and passion for your domain by offering your insights on various threads within your niche. This will pay dividends and people will eventually be willing to help you in return with your own app or startup.



Nobody will be more willing to try out your app more than those who already hate your competitor. Hunt for them, find them, and show them. You will find that unhappy users are your friends.



Here’s a list of hashtags that could be useful to you:



Let’s be real here: No app or startup grows without some true grit and hustle. Leverage social media to attract beta testers to your app. Don’t be afraid to try your own methods and see what works for you. Try Facebook groups, Twitter hashtags relevant to your product, follow relevant Twitter lists, try Pinterest, use your alma matter or high school if that could be useful. Don’t leave any stone unturned.

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